Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with higher ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium to potassium in young Japanese women.
J Am Diet Assoc 2009; 109(9):1606-11JA

Abstract

Information on the relationship of neighborhood characteristics to objective indicators of dietary intake is extremely limited. The aim of this observational cross-sectional study was to examine the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and 24-hour urinary excretion of sodium and potassium in a population with a high ratio of urinary sodium to potassium. Subjects were 1,032 female Japanese dietetics students aged 18 to 22 years, residing in 293 municipalities in Japan. Neighborhood SES index was defined by seven municipal-level variables, namely unemployment, household overcrowding, poverty, education, income, home ownership, and vulnerable groups, with an increasing index signifying increasing neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage. Urinary excretion of sodium and potassium was estimated from a single 24-hour urine sample. Neighborhood SES index was not significantly associated with 24-hour urinary excretion of sodium (mean value for each quartile of neighborhood SES: 133.5, 135.2, 126.5, and 141.7 mmol/day, respectively; P for trend 0.10) or potassium (mean value for each quartile: 43.5, 42.2, 38.4, and 42.5 mmol/day, respectively; P for trend 0.44). However, neighborhood SES index was significantly positively associated with the ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium to potassium (mean value for each quartile: 3.14, 3.28, 3.37, and 3.41, respectively; P for trend 0.03). This significant association remained after adjustment for household SES variables (mean value for each quartile: 3.15, 3.35, 3.29, and 3.41, respectively; P for trend 0.04). Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage was associated with higher ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium to potassium in young Japanese women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19699842

Citation

Murakami, Kentaro, et al. "Neighborhood Socioeconomic Disadvantage Is Associated With Higher Ratio of 24-hour Urinary Sodium to Potassium in Young Japanese Women." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 109, no. 9, 2009, pp. 1606-11.
Murakami K, Sasaki S, Takahashi Y, et al. Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with higher ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium to potassium in young Japanese women. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(9):1606-11.
Murakami, K., Sasaki, S., Takahashi, Y., & Uenishi, K. (2009). Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with higher ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium to potassium in young Japanese women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(9), pp. 1606-11. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2009.06.391.
Murakami K, et al. Neighborhood Socioeconomic Disadvantage Is Associated With Higher Ratio of 24-hour Urinary Sodium to Potassium in Young Japanese Women. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(9):1606-11. PubMed PMID: 19699842.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with higher ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium to potassium in young Japanese women. AU - Murakami,Kentaro, AU - Sasaki,Satoshi, AU - Takahashi,Yoshiko, AU - Uenishi,Kazuhiro, AU - ,, PY - 2008/12/01/received PY - 2009/02/10/accepted PY - 2009/8/25/entrez PY - 2009/8/25/pubmed PY - 2009/9/23/medline SP - 1606 EP - 11 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 109 IS - 9 N2 - Information on the relationship of neighborhood characteristics to objective indicators of dietary intake is extremely limited. The aim of this observational cross-sectional study was to examine the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and 24-hour urinary excretion of sodium and potassium in a population with a high ratio of urinary sodium to potassium. Subjects were 1,032 female Japanese dietetics students aged 18 to 22 years, residing in 293 municipalities in Japan. Neighborhood SES index was defined by seven municipal-level variables, namely unemployment, household overcrowding, poverty, education, income, home ownership, and vulnerable groups, with an increasing index signifying increasing neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage. Urinary excretion of sodium and potassium was estimated from a single 24-hour urine sample. Neighborhood SES index was not significantly associated with 24-hour urinary excretion of sodium (mean value for each quartile of neighborhood SES: 133.5, 135.2, 126.5, and 141.7 mmol/day, respectively; P for trend 0.10) or potassium (mean value for each quartile: 43.5, 42.2, 38.4, and 42.5 mmol/day, respectively; P for trend 0.44). However, neighborhood SES index was significantly positively associated with the ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium to potassium (mean value for each quartile: 3.14, 3.28, 3.37, and 3.41, respectively; P for trend 0.03). This significant association remained after adjustment for household SES variables (mean value for each quartile: 3.15, 3.35, 3.29, and 3.41, respectively; P for trend 0.04). Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage was associated with higher ratio of 24-hour urinary sodium to potassium in young Japanese women. SN - 1878-3570 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19699842/Neighborhood_socioeconomic_disadvantage_is_associated_with_higher_ratio_of_24_hour_urinary_sodium_to_potassium_in_young_Japanese_women_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(09)01234-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -