The role of phosphoinositide-3-kinase/Akt pathway in propofol-induced postconditioning against focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.Brain Res. 2009 Nov 10; 1297:177-84.BR
The aim of this study was to investigate whether propofol could provide postconditioning to ischemic brain injury and the role of phosphoinositide-3-kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt) pathway in this phenomenon. Rats underwent 2 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 22 h of reperfusion were randomly divided into nine groups (n=15 each): sham-operated group, MCAO group, propofol 10, 20 and 35 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) group (propofol 10, 20, 35 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) infused at the onset of reperfusion for 30 min), wortmannin group (wortmannin 0.6 mg/kg administered 30 min before MCAO), and the other three groups received wortmannin followed by 10, 20 and 35 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) propofol respectively. Propofol at doses of 10 and 20 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) significantly reduced infarct volume, decreased neurological deficit scores and attenuated neuron apoptosis compared with MCAO group alone. Increased phosphorylated Akt (P-Akt) was observed in the ischemic penumbra of propofol 10 and 20 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) group after transient MCAO. The selective PI3K inhibitor, wortmannin partly eliminated the neuroprotective effect and the elevation of P-Akt expression in ischemic penumbra induced by propofol. Propofol at dose of 35 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) did not affect infarct volume, neurological deficit scores, neuronal apoptosis and the level of P-Akt in transient MCAO rats. Taken together, these results demonstrated that propofol at doses of 10 or 20 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) infused at the onset of reperfusion for 30 min could provide neuroprotection to transient MCAO rats, and the postconditioning effect induced by propofol partly through maintaining the activity of PI3K/Akt pathway.