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Dietary glycaemic index, glycaemic load and subsequent changes of weight and waist circumference in European men and women.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Nov; 33(11):1280-8.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To investigate whether dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) were associated with subsequent weight and waist circumference change.

DESIGN

Population-based prospective cohort study.

SETTING

Five European countries, which are Denmark, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 89,432 participants, aged 20-78 years (mean =53 years) at baseline and followed for 1.9-12.5 years (mean=6.5 years). All participants were free of self-reported cancer, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes at baseline.

METHODS

Glycaemic index and GL were calculated on the basis of dietary intake assessed by food frequency questionnaires and by using a GI table developed for this study with published GI values as the main sources. Anthropometric data were collected both at baseline and at the end of follow-up. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted in each centre and random-effect meta-analyses were used to combine the effects. Adjustment was made for baseline anthropometrics, demographic and lifestyle factors, follow-up duration and other dietary factors.

RESULTS

Mean GI and GL were 57 and 134, respectively. Associations of GI and GL with subsequent changes of weight and waist circumference were heterogeneous across centres. Overall, with every 10-unit higher in GI, weight increased by 34 g per year (95% confidence interval (CI): -47, 115) and waist circumference increased by 0.19 cm per year (95% CI: 0.11, 0.27). With every 50-unit higher in GL, weight increased by 10 g per year (95% CI: -65, 85) and waist circumference increased by 0.06 cm per year (95% CI: -0.01, 0.13).

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings do not support an effect of GI or GL on weight change. The positively significant association between GI, not GL, and subsequent gain in waist circumference may imply a beneficial role of lower GI diets in the prevention of abdominal obesity. However, further studies are needed to confirm this finding given the small effect observed in this study.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands. huaidong.du@rivm.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19704411

Citation

Du, H, et al. "Dietary Glycaemic Index, Glycaemic Load and Subsequent Changes of Weight and Waist Circumference in European Men and Women." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 33, no. 11, 2009, pp. 1280-8.
Du H, van der A DL, van Bakel MM, et al. Dietary glycaemic index, glycaemic load and subsequent changes of weight and waist circumference in European men and women. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009;33(11):1280-8.
Du, H., van der A, D. L., van Bakel, M. M., Slimani, N., Forouhi, N. G., Wareham, N. J., Halkjaer, J., Tjønneland, A., Jakobsen, M. U., Overvad, K., Schulze, M. B., Buijsse, B., Boeing, H., Palli, D., Masala, G., Sørensen, T. I., Saris, W. H., & Feskens, E. J. (2009). Dietary glycaemic index, glycaemic load and subsequent changes of weight and waist circumference in European men and women. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 33(11), 1280-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2009.163
Du H, et al. Dietary Glycaemic Index, Glycaemic Load and Subsequent Changes of Weight and Waist Circumference in European Men and Women. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009;33(11):1280-8. PubMed PMID: 19704411.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary glycaemic index, glycaemic load and subsequent changes of weight and waist circumference in European men and women. AU - Du,H, AU - van der A,D L, AU - van Bakel,M M E, AU - Slimani,N, AU - Forouhi,N G, AU - Wareham,N J, AU - Halkjaer,J, AU - Tjønneland,A, AU - Jakobsen,M U, AU - Overvad,K, AU - Schulze,M B, AU - Buijsse,B, AU - Boeing,H, AU - Palli,D, AU - Masala,G, AU - Sørensen,T I A, AU - Saris,W H M, AU - Feskens,E J M, Y1 - 2009/08/25/ PY - 2009/8/26/entrez PY - 2009/8/26/pubmed PY - 2010/10/22/medline SP - 1280 EP - 8 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 33 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) were associated with subsequent weight and waist circumference change. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Five European countries, which are Denmark, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 89,432 participants, aged 20-78 years (mean =53 years) at baseline and followed for 1.9-12.5 years (mean=6.5 years). All participants were free of self-reported cancer, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes at baseline. METHODS: Glycaemic index and GL were calculated on the basis of dietary intake assessed by food frequency questionnaires and by using a GI table developed for this study with published GI values as the main sources. Anthropometric data were collected both at baseline and at the end of follow-up. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted in each centre and random-effect meta-analyses were used to combine the effects. Adjustment was made for baseline anthropometrics, demographic and lifestyle factors, follow-up duration and other dietary factors. RESULTS: Mean GI and GL were 57 and 134, respectively. Associations of GI and GL with subsequent changes of weight and waist circumference were heterogeneous across centres. Overall, with every 10-unit higher in GI, weight increased by 34 g per year (95% confidence interval (CI): -47, 115) and waist circumference increased by 0.19 cm per year (95% CI: 0.11, 0.27). With every 50-unit higher in GL, weight increased by 10 g per year (95% CI: -65, 85) and waist circumference increased by 0.06 cm per year (95% CI: -0.01, 0.13). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not support an effect of GI or GL on weight change. The positively significant association between GI, not GL, and subsequent gain in waist circumference may imply a beneficial role of lower GI diets in the prevention of abdominal obesity. However, further studies are needed to confirm this finding given the small effect observed in this study. SN - 1476-5497 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19704411/Dietary_glycaemic_index_glycaemic_load_and_subsequent_changes_of_weight_and_waist_circumference_in_European_men_and_women_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2009.163 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -