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The quest for public health security at Hajj: the WHO guidelines on communicable disease alert and response during mass gatherings.
Travel Med Infect Dis. 2009 Jul; 7(4):226-30.TM

Abstract

Public health security, the provision of safeguarding health and safety for a designated population during a specific event, is paramount to the success of all mass gatherings (MG). Hajj, the pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia - one of the largest annual MG - this year hosted over 2.5 million. Hajj presents an annual public health security challenge of extraordinary dimensions, not only due to its scale but also due to Hajj-specific environmental and host factors. Opportunities for sharing public health security insights from Hajj are limited by the lack of standardized outcome measures. The June 2008 WHO Guidelines on communicable disease alert and response for mass gatherings offer novel opportunities for both Hajj planning and assessment. We discuss the evolution of these Guidelines and the first assessment of their efficacy in a live MG environment. We examine potential opportunities for applying these Guidelines in the novel, intensely dynamic, annually recurrent Hajj environment. We believe Hajj-related findings and outcome measurements using these Guidelines will translate broadly to be of value to many non-Hajj MG sectors. Finally, we suggest areas for outcome assessment and future enquiry and invite the first Hajj-specific communicable disease alert guidelines.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19717105

Citation

Ahmed, Qanta A., et al. "The Quest for Public Health Security at Hajj: the WHO Guidelines On Communicable Disease Alert and Response During Mass Gatherings." Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, vol. 7, no. 4, 2009, pp. 226-30.
Ahmed QA, Barbeschi M, Memish ZA. The quest for public health security at Hajj: the WHO guidelines on communicable disease alert and response during mass gatherings. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2009;7(4):226-30.
Ahmed, Q. A., Barbeschi, M., & Memish, Z. A. (2009). The quest for public health security at Hajj: the WHO guidelines on communicable disease alert and response during mass gatherings. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 7(4), 226-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2009.01.005
Ahmed QA, Barbeschi M, Memish ZA. The Quest for Public Health Security at Hajj: the WHO Guidelines On Communicable Disease Alert and Response During Mass Gatherings. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2009;7(4):226-30. PubMed PMID: 19717105.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The quest for public health security at Hajj: the WHO guidelines on communicable disease alert and response during mass gatherings. AU - Ahmed,Qanta A, AU - Barbeschi,Maurizio, AU - Memish,Ziad A, Y1 - 2009/02/20/ PY - 2009/01/03/received PY - 2009/01/12/accepted PY - 2009/9/1/entrez PY - 2009/9/1/pubmed PY - 2009/12/23/medline SP - 226 EP - 30 JF - Travel medicine and infectious disease JO - Travel Med Infect Dis VL - 7 IS - 4 N2 - Public health security, the provision of safeguarding health and safety for a designated population during a specific event, is paramount to the success of all mass gatherings (MG). Hajj, the pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia - one of the largest annual MG - this year hosted over 2.5 million. Hajj presents an annual public health security challenge of extraordinary dimensions, not only due to its scale but also due to Hajj-specific environmental and host factors. Opportunities for sharing public health security insights from Hajj are limited by the lack of standardized outcome measures. The June 2008 WHO Guidelines on communicable disease alert and response for mass gatherings offer novel opportunities for both Hajj planning and assessment. We discuss the evolution of these Guidelines and the first assessment of their efficacy in a live MG environment. We examine potential opportunities for applying these Guidelines in the novel, intensely dynamic, annually recurrent Hajj environment. We believe Hajj-related findings and outcome measurements using these Guidelines will translate broadly to be of value to many non-Hajj MG sectors. Finally, we suggest areas for outcome assessment and future enquiry and invite the first Hajj-specific communicable disease alert guidelines. SN - 1873-0442 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19717105/The_quest_for_public_health_security_at_Hajj:_the_WHO_guidelines_on_communicable_disease_alert_and_response_during_mass_gatherings_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1477-8939(09)00005-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -