Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Distribution of air and serum PCDD/F levels of electric arc furnaces and secondary aluminum and copper smelters.
J Hazard Mater. 2009 Dec 30; 172(2-3):1351-6.JH

Abstract

Metallurgical processes, such as smelting, can generate organic impurities such as organic chloride chemicals, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). The objective of this study was to elucidate the serum PCDD/F levels of 134 workers and ambient air levels around electric arc furnaces (EAF), secondary copper smelters and secondary aluminum smelters (ALSs) in Taiwan. The highest serum PCDD/F levels were found in the ALSs workers (21.9 pg WHO-TEQ/g lipid), with lower levels in copper smelter workers (21.5 pg WHO-TEQ/g lipid), and the lowest in the EAF plant workers (18.8 pg WHO-TEQ/g lipid). This was still higher than the levels for residents living within 5 km of municipal waste incinerators (14.0 pg WHO-TEQ/g lipid). For ambient samples, the highest ambient air PCDD/F level was in the copper smelters (12.4 pg WHO-TEQ/Nm(3)), with lower levels in ALSs (7.2 pg WHO-TEQ/Nm(3)), and the lowest in the EAF industry (1.8 pg WHO-TEQ/Nm(3)). The congener profiles were consistent in serum and in air samples collected in the copper smelters, but not for ALSs and EAF. In secondary copper smelters, the air PCDD/Fs levels might be directly linked to the PCDD/Fs accumulated in the workers due to the exceedingly stable congener pattern of the PCDD/F emission.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Medical College, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19717228

Citation

Lee, Ching-Chang, et al. "Distribution of Air and Serum PCDD/F Levels of Electric Arc Furnaces and Secondary Aluminum and Copper Smelters." Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 172, no. 2-3, 2009, pp. 1351-6.
Lee CC, Shih TS, Chen HL. Distribution of air and serum PCDD/F levels of electric arc furnaces and secondary aluminum and copper smelters. J Hazard Mater. 2009;172(2-3):1351-6.
Lee, C. C., Shih, T. S., & Chen, H. L. (2009). Distribution of air and serum PCDD/F levels of electric arc furnaces and secondary aluminum and copper smelters. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 172(2-3), 1351-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.148
Lee CC, Shih TS, Chen HL. Distribution of Air and Serum PCDD/F Levels of Electric Arc Furnaces and Secondary Aluminum and Copper Smelters. J Hazard Mater. 2009 Dec 30;172(2-3):1351-6. PubMed PMID: 19717228.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Distribution of air and serum PCDD/F levels of electric arc furnaces and secondary aluminum and copper smelters. AU - Lee,Ching-Chang, AU - Shih,Tung-Seng, AU - Chen,Hsiu-Ling, Y1 - 2009/08/08/ PY - 2009/05/08/received PY - 2009/07/31/revised PY - 2009/07/31/accepted PY - 2009/9/1/entrez PY - 2009/9/1/pubmed PY - 2010/2/10/medline SP - 1351 EP - 6 JF - Journal of hazardous materials JO - J Hazard Mater VL - 172 IS - 2-3 N2 - Metallurgical processes, such as smelting, can generate organic impurities such as organic chloride chemicals, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). The objective of this study was to elucidate the serum PCDD/F levels of 134 workers and ambient air levels around electric arc furnaces (EAF), secondary copper smelters and secondary aluminum smelters (ALSs) in Taiwan. The highest serum PCDD/F levels were found in the ALSs workers (21.9 pg WHO-TEQ/g lipid), with lower levels in copper smelter workers (21.5 pg WHO-TEQ/g lipid), and the lowest in the EAF plant workers (18.8 pg WHO-TEQ/g lipid). This was still higher than the levels for residents living within 5 km of municipal waste incinerators (14.0 pg WHO-TEQ/g lipid). For ambient samples, the highest ambient air PCDD/F level was in the copper smelters (12.4 pg WHO-TEQ/Nm(3)), with lower levels in ALSs (7.2 pg WHO-TEQ/Nm(3)), and the lowest in the EAF industry (1.8 pg WHO-TEQ/Nm(3)). The congener profiles were consistent in serum and in air samples collected in the copper smelters, but not for ALSs and EAF. In secondary copper smelters, the air PCDD/Fs levels might be directly linked to the PCDD/Fs accumulated in the workers due to the exceedingly stable congener pattern of the PCDD/F emission. SN - 1873-3336 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19717228/Distribution_of_air_and_serum_PCDD/F_levels_of_electric_arc_furnaces_and_secondary_aluminum_and_copper_smelters_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304-3894(09)01277-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -