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Evidence from ammonoids and conodonts for multiple Early Triassic mass extinctions.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Sep 08; 106(36):15264-7.PN

Abstract

Ammonoids and conodonts, being characterized by exceptionally high background rates of origination and extinction, were vulnerable to global environmental crises, which characteristically intensified background rates of extinction. Thus, it is not surprising that these taxa suffered conspicuous mass extinctions at the times of three negative Early Triassic global carbon isotopic excursions that resembled those associated with the two preceding Permian mass extinctions. In keeping with their high rates of origination, both the ammonoids and conodonts rediversified dramatically between the Early Triassic crises. Other marine taxa, characterized by much lower intrinsic rates of origination, were held at low levels of diversity by the Early Triassic crises; because global mass extinctions affect all marine life, these taxa must have experienced relatively modest expansions and contractions that have yet to be discovered, because they do not stand out in the fossil record and because the stratigraphic ranges of these taxa, being of little value for temporal correlation, have not been thoroughly studied.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA. stevenst@hawaii.edu

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19721005

Citation

Stanley, Steven M.. "Evidence From Ammonoids and Conodonts for Multiple Early Triassic Mass Extinctions." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 106, no. 36, 2009, pp. 15264-7.
Stanley SM. Evidence from ammonoids and conodonts for multiple Early Triassic mass extinctions. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2009;106(36):15264-7.
Stanley, S. M. (2009). Evidence from ammonoids and conodonts for multiple Early Triassic mass extinctions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(36), 15264-7. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0907992106
Stanley SM. Evidence From Ammonoids and Conodonts for Multiple Early Triassic Mass Extinctions. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2009 Sep 8;106(36):15264-7. PubMed PMID: 19721005.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evidence from ammonoids and conodonts for multiple Early Triassic mass extinctions. A1 - Stanley,Steven M, Y1 - 2009/08/31/ PY - 2009/9/2/entrez PY - 2009/9/2/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 15264 EP - 7 JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America JO - Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. VL - 106 IS - 36 N2 - Ammonoids and conodonts, being characterized by exceptionally high background rates of origination and extinction, were vulnerable to global environmental crises, which characteristically intensified background rates of extinction. Thus, it is not surprising that these taxa suffered conspicuous mass extinctions at the times of three negative Early Triassic global carbon isotopic excursions that resembled those associated with the two preceding Permian mass extinctions. In keeping with their high rates of origination, both the ammonoids and conodonts rediversified dramatically between the Early Triassic crises. Other marine taxa, characterized by much lower intrinsic rates of origination, were held at low levels of diversity by the Early Triassic crises; because global mass extinctions affect all marine life, these taxa must have experienced relatively modest expansions and contractions that have yet to be discovered, because they do not stand out in the fossil record and because the stratigraphic ranges of these taxa, being of little value for temporal correlation, have not been thoroughly studied. SN - 1091-6490 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19721005/Evidence_from_ammonoids_and_conodonts_for_multiple_Early_Triassic_mass_extinctions_ L2 - http://www.pnas.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=19721005 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -