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Irrigation and rootstock effects on the phenolic concentration and aroma potential of Vitis vinifera L. cv. cabernet sauvignon grapes.
J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Sep 09; 57(17):7805-13.JA

Abstract

Compositional changes of skin and seed phenolic compounds and berry glycosylated aroma precursors were measured in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon onto 1103P and SO4 rootstocks, in three irrigation regimes (FI, 100% of evapotranspiration; DI, 50% of evapotranspiration; and NI, non-irrigated). The study was conducted in a commercial vineyard of central Greece, in a factorial experiment during two growing seasons (2005-2006). Grape samples were obtained at commercial harvest. The deficit water supply decreased berry size but did not affect the skin/pulp weight ratio. Water limitation, especially pre-veraison, caused a substantial increase of skin anthocyanin concentration, and this effect was independent of water deficit-induced reductions in berry size and vine vigor. Among individual anthocyanins, malvidin-3-O-glucoside was mostly affected by water supply. The rootstock genotype did not affect berry growth parameters and skin polyphenol concentrations. The irrigation regime (mainly post-veraison) and rootstock genotype affected total flavan-3-ol monomers in seed tissue, mainly as a result of variations in the catechin amount. The lower seed phenolic concentration was found in non-irrigated and SO4-grafted vines, probably as a result of the restriction of scion vigor caused by these treatments, thereby altering cluster exposure. Skin and seed tannins were not affected by either rootstock or irrigation. The limited water supply was associated with increased aroma potential at harvest.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Viticulture, School of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece. skoundou@agro.auth.grNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19722708

Citation

Koundouras, Stefanos, et al. "Irrigation and Rootstock Effects On the Phenolic Concentration and Aroma Potential of Vitis Vinifera L. Cv. Cabernet Sauvignon Grapes." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 57, no. 17, 2009, pp. 7805-13.
Koundouras S, Hatzidimitriou E, Karamolegkou M, et al. Irrigation and rootstock effects on the phenolic concentration and aroma potential of Vitis vinifera L. cv. cabernet sauvignon grapes. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57(17):7805-13.
Koundouras, S., Hatzidimitriou, E., Karamolegkou, M., Dimopoulou, E., Kallithraka, S., Tsialtas, J. T., Zioziou, E., Nikolaou, N., & Kotseridis, Y. (2009). Irrigation and rootstock effects on the phenolic concentration and aroma potential of Vitis vinifera L. cv. cabernet sauvignon grapes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57(17), 7805-13. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901063a
Koundouras S, et al. Irrigation and Rootstock Effects On the Phenolic Concentration and Aroma Potential of Vitis Vinifera L. Cv. Cabernet Sauvignon Grapes. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Sep 9;57(17):7805-13. PubMed PMID: 19722708.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Irrigation and rootstock effects on the phenolic concentration and aroma potential of Vitis vinifera L. cv. cabernet sauvignon grapes. AU - Koundouras,Stefanos, AU - Hatzidimitriou,Effimia, AU - Karamolegkou,Margarita, AU - Dimopoulou,Eirini, AU - Kallithraka,Stamatina, AU - Tsialtas,John T, AU - Zioziou,Eleftheria, AU - Nikolaou,Nikolaos, AU - Kotseridis,Yorgos, PY - 2009/9/3/entrez PY - 2009/9/3/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 7805 EP - 13 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 57 IS - 17 N2 - Compositional changes of skin and seed phenolic compounds and berry glycosylated aroma precursors were measured in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon onto 1103P and SO4 rootstocks, in three irrigation regimes (FI, 100% of evapotranspiration; DI, 50% of evapotranspiration; and NI, non-irrigated). The study was conducted in a commercial vineyard of central Greece, in a factorial experiment during two growing seasons (2005-2006). Grape samples were obtained at commercial harvest. The deficit water supply decreased berry size but did not affect the skin/pulp weight ratio. Water limitation, especially pre-veraison, caused a substantial increase of skin anthocyanin concentration, and this effect was independent of water deficit-induced reductions in berry size and vine vigor. Among individual anthocyanins, malvidin-3-O-glucoside was mostly affected by water supply. The rootstock genotype did not affect berry growth parameters and skin polyphenol concentrations. The irrigation regime (mainly post-veraison) and rootstock genotype affected total flavan-3-ol monomers in seed tissue, mainly as a result of variations in the catechin amount. The lower seed phenolic concentration was found in non-irrigated and SO4-grafted vines, probably as a result of the restriction of scion vigor caused by these treatments, thereby altering cluster exposure. Skin and seed tannins were not affected by either rootstock or irrigation. The limited water supply was associated with increased aroma potential at harvest. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19722708/Irrigation_and_rootstock_effects_on_the_phenolic_concentration_and_aroma_potential_of_Vitis_vinifera_L__cv__cabernet_sauvignon_grapes_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901063a DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -