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Adolescent smokers are at greater risk for current asthma and rhinitis.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Aug; 13(8):1023-8.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The association of tobacco smoke with the prevalence of asthma and rhinitis has not been well-characterized in adolescents.

METHODS

As part of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 3000 adolescents aged 13-14 years in northern Argentina. Data included questions about asthma and rhinitis symptoms and about parental and personal smoking. Logistic regression and Pearson chi(2) statistics were used to estimate these associations.

RESULTS

Over 13% of respondents described themselves as current smokers, and half indicated that at least one parent smoked at home. Active smoking was associated with both asthma (OR 1.83, 95%CI 1.42-2.35) and rhinitis (OR 1.61, 95%CI 1.33-1.92) in unadjusted analysis. These associations persisted after adjusting for parental smoking status, mother's educational level and sex. Boys were significantly less likely than girls to report current asthma or rhinitis.

CONCLUSIONS

Active and passive smoking are both risk factors for asthma and rhinitis in adolescents. Assuming that some children with asthma never started smoking due to symptoms, then the true risk could be higher than reported here. These results reinforce the need to develop better strategies for primary and secondary prevention of tobacco exposure in children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, Alas Medical Institute, Salta, Argentina. gomezmaximiliano@arnet.com.arNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19723384

Citation

Gómez, M, et al. "Adolescent Smokers Are at Greater Risk for Current Asthma and Rhinitis." The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 13, no. 8, 2009, pp. 1023-8.
Gómez M, Vollmer WM, Caceres ME, et al. Adolescent smokers are at greater risk for current asthma and rhinitis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009;13(8):1023-8.
Gómez, M., Vollmer, W. M., Caceres, M. E., Jossen, R., & Baena-Cagnani, C. E. (2009). Adolescent smokers are at greater risk for current asthma and rhinitis. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 13(8), 1023-8.
Gómez M, et al. Adolescent Smokers Are at Greater Risk for Current Asthma and Rhinitis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009;13(8):1023-8. PubMed PMID: 19723384.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adolescent smokers are at greater risk for current asthma and rhinitis. AU - Gómez,M, AU - Vollmer,W M, AU - Caceres,M E, AU - Jossen,R, AU - Baena-Cagnani,C E, PY - 2009/9/3/entrez PY - 2009/9/3/pubmed PY - 2009/10/2/medline SP - 1023 EP - 8 JF - The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease JO - Int J Tuberc Lung Dis VL - 13 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: The association of tobacco smoke with the prevalence of asthma and rhinitis has not been well-characterized in adolescents. METHODS: As part of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 3000 adolescents aged 13-14 years in northern Argentina. Data included questions about asthma and rhinitis symptoms and about parental and personal smoking. Logistic regression and Pearson chi(2) statistics were used to estimate these associations. RESULTS: Over 13% of respondents described themselves as current smokers, and half indicated that at least one parent smoked at home. Active smoking was associated with both asthma (OR 1.83, 95%CI 1.42-2.35) and rhinitis (OR 1.61, 95%CI 1.33-1.92) in unadjusted analysis. These associations persisted after adjusting for parental smoking status, mother's educational level and sex. Boys were significantly less likely than girls to report current asthma or rhinitis. CONCLUSIONS: Active and passive smoking are both risk factors for asthma and rhinitis in adolescents. Assuming that some children with asthma never started smoking due to symptoms, then the true risk could be higher than reported here. These results reinforce the need to develop better strategies for primary and secondary prevention of tobacco exposure in children. SN - 1027-3719 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19723384/Adolescent_smokers_are_at_greater_risk_for_current_asthma_and_rhinitis_ L2 - https://www.ingentaconnect.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1027-3719&volume=13&issue=8&spage=1023&aulast=Gómez DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -