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Prevalence and patterns of alcohol consumption and health-risk behaviors among high school students in Thailand.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2009; 33(12):2037-46AC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Underage drinking is a significant social and public health problem in Thailand. We report the prevalence and patterns of alcohol consumption and associated health-risk behaviors using data from a 2007-2008 national school survey.

METHOD

A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 50,033 high school and vocational college students from 201 schools in 40 provinces between December 2007 and February 2008.

RESULTS

The prevalence rates of past-year drinking, past-30-day binge drinking, and drinking until intoxication were 25.5, 9.5, and 17.3% in boys and 14.5, 3.7, and 7.2% in girls, respectively. Higher school levels, lower grades, living with someone other than their own parents, and having family members with substance or alcohol problems were significantly associated with all kinds of drinking. Binge drinkers were significantly more likely to have drinking consequences, e.g., driving after drinking, nausea and vomiting, and having a hangover than were nonbinge drinkers. The rates of other behavior and emotional problems were 2.5 to 6.7 times as likely in drinkers as nondrinkers, including smoking (35.1% vs. 4.9%), prescription drug misuse (17.7% vs. 6.7%), illicit substance use (17.8% vs. 2.4%), carrying a weapon (6.5% vs. 1.8%), feeling depressed (23.2% vs. 10.9%), suicidal attempt (10.5% vs. 3.8%), and sexual intercourse (30.5% vs. 5.7%).

CONCLUSION

Alcohol consumption is a serious problem among adolescents in Thailand and is strongly associated with various health-risk behaviors. Effective age- and gender-specific interventions should be implemented to discourage underage drinking and associated adverse health and social consequences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand. savitree.a@psu.ac.thNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19740137

Citation

Assanangkornchai, Sawitri, et al. "Prevalence and Patterns of Alcohol Consumption and Health-risk Behaviors Among High School Students in Thailand." Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 33, no. 12, 2009, pp. 2037-46.
Assanangkornchai S, Mukthong A, Intanont T. Prevalence and patterns of alcohol consumption and health-risk behaviors among high school students in Thailand. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009;33(12):2037-46.
Assanangkornchai, S., Mukthong, A., & Intanont, T. (2009). Prevalence and patterns of alcohol consumption and health-risk behaviors among high school students in Thailand. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 33(12), pp. 2037-46. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.01043.x.
Assanangkornchai S, Mukthong A, Intanont T. Prevalence and Patterns of Alcohol Consumption and Health-risk Behaviors Among High School Students in Thailand. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009;33(12):2037-46. PubMed PMID: 19740137.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and patterns of alcohol consumption and health-risk behaviors among high school students in Thailand. AU - Assanangkornchai,Sawitri, AU - Mukthong,Anocha, AU - Intanont,Tanomsri, Y1 - 2009/09/09/ PY - 2009/9/11/entrez PY - 2009/9/11/pubmed PY - 2010/2/18/medline SP - 2037 EP - 46 JF - Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research JO - Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. VL - 33 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: Underage drinking is a significant social and public health problem in Thailand. We report the prevalence and patterns of alcohol consumption and associated health-risk behaviors using data from a 2007-2008 national school survey. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 50,033 high school and vocational college students from 201 schools in 40 provinces between December 2007 and February 2008. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of past-year drinking, past-30-day binge drinking, and drinking until intoxication were 25.5, 9.5, and 17.3% in boys and 14.5, 3.7, and 7.2% in girls, respectively. Higher school levels, lower grades, living with someone other than their own parents, and having family members with substance or alcohol problems were significantly associated with all kinds of drinking. Binge drinkers were significantly more likely to have drinking consequences, e.g., driving after drinking, nausea and vomiting, and having a hangover than were nonbinge drinkers. The rates of other behavior and emotional problems were 2.5 to 6.7 times as likely in drinkers as nondrinkers, including smoking (35.1% vs. 4.9%), prescription drug misuse (17.7% vs. 6.7%), illicit substance use (17.8% vs. 2.4%), carrying a weapon (6.5% vs. 1.8%), feeling depressed (23.2% vs. 10.9%), suicidal attempt (10.5% vs. 3.8%), and sexual intercourse (30.5% vs. 5.7%). CONCLUSION: Alcohol consumption is a serious problem among adolescents in Thailand and is strongly associated with various health-risk behaviors. Effective age- and gender-specific interventions should be implemented to discourage underage drinking and associated adverse health and social consequences. SN - 1530-0277 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19740137/Prevalence_and_patterns_of_alcohol_consumption_and_health_risk_behaviors_among_high_school_students_in_Thailand_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.01043.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -