The effect on sotrastaurin pharmacokinetics of strong CYP3A inhibition by ketoconazole.Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2009 Sep; 68(3):381-5.BJ
Sotrastaurin is an immunosuppressant that reduces T-lymphocyte activation via protein kinase C inhibition. The effect of CYP3A4 inhibition by ketoconazole on the pharmacokinetics of sotrastaurin, a CYP3A4 substrate, was investigated.
This was a two-period, single-sequence crossover study in 18 healthy subjects. They received a single 50 mg oral dose of sotrastaurin in period 1 followed by a 14-day inter-treatment phase. In period 2 they received ketoconazole 200 mg twice daily for 6 days and a single 50 mg dose of sotrastaurin on the fourth day of ketoconazole administration.
Co-administration of single-dose sotrastaurin during steady-state ketoconazole increased sotrastaurin C(max) by 2.5-fold (90% confidence interval 2.2, 2.9) from 285 +/- 128 to 678 +/- 189 ng ml(-1) and increased AUC by 4.6-fold (4.1, 5.2) from 1666 +/- 808 to 7378 +/- 3011 ng ml(-1) h. Sotrastaurin half-life was nearly doubled from 5.9 +/- 1.7 to 10.6 +/- 2.5 h. The AUC of the active metabolite N-desmethyl-sotrastaurin was increased by 6.8-fold. Sotrastaurin did not alter ketoconazole steady-state predose plasma concentrations.
The strong CYP3A4 inhibitor ketoconazole increased sotrastaurin AUC by 4.6-fold. A compensatory reduction in the dose of sotrastaurin is warranted when strong CYP3A4 inhibitors are co-administered.