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Firearm suicide among veterans in the general population: findings from the national violent death reporting system.
J Trauma 2009; 67(3):503-7JT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Military veterans are particularly vulnerable to suicide compared with their civilian peers. Scant attention has been devoted to the problem of firearm suicide among veterans, particularly women. The purpose of this study was to examine the rate, prevalence, and relative odds of firearm use among veteran suicide decedents in the general population.

METHODS

The analyses are based on data derived from 28,534 suicide decedents from the 2003 to 2006 National Violent Death Reporting System.

RESULTS

Across the age groups, male and female veterans had higher firearm suicide rates than nonveterans. Among males and females, younger veterans (18-34 years) had the highest firearm and total suicide rates. The male and female veteran suicide decedents were, respectively, 1.3 and 1.6 times more likely to use firearms relative to nonveterans after adjusting for age, marital status, race, and region of residence.

CONCLUSIONS

Although violent death and the use of firearms are generally associated with men, the results reported here suggest that firearms among female veterans deserve particular attention among health professionals within and outside the veterans affairs system. In addition, the focus should not be exclusively on the Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom military cohort but also on men and women who served in earlier combat theaters, including the Gulf war, Vietnam Era, Korean Conflict, and World War II.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Community Health, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon 97207, USA. kaplanm@pdx.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19741391

Citation

Kaplan, Mark S., et al. "Firearm Suicide Among Veterans in the General Population: Findings From the National Violent Death Reporting System." The Journal of Trauma, vol. 67, no. 3, 2009, pp. 503-7.
Kaplan MS, McFarland BH, Huguet N. Firearm suicide among veterans in the general population: findings from the national violent death reporting system. J Trauma. 2009;67(3):503-7.
Kaplan, M. S., McFarland, B. H., & Huguet, N. (2009). Firearm suicide among veterans in the general population: findings from the national violent death reporting system. The Journal of Trauma, 67(3), pp. 503-7. doi:10.1097/TA.0b013e3181b36521.
Kaplan MS, McFarland BH, Huguet N. Firearm Suicide Among Veterans in the General Population: Findings From the National Violent Death Reporting System. J Trauma. 2009;67(3):503-7. PubMed PMID: 19741391.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Firearm suicide among veterans in the general population: findings from the national violent death reporting system. AU - Kaplan,Mark S, AU - McFarland,Bentson H, AU - Huguet,Nathalie, PY - 2009/9/11/entrez PY - 2009/9/11/pubmed PY - 2009/9/30/medline SP - 503 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of trauma JO - J Trauma VL - 67 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Military veterans are particularly vulnerable to suicide compared with their civilian peers. Scant attention has been devoted to the problem of firearm suicide among veterans, particularly women. The purpose of this study was to examine the rate, prevalence, and relative odds of firearm use among veteran suicide decedents in the general population. METHODS: The analyses are based on data derived from 28,534 suicide decedents from the 2003 to 2006 National Violent Death Reporting System. RESULTS: Across the age groups, male and female veterans had higher firearm suicide rates than nonveterans. Among males and females, younger veterans (18-34 years) had the highest firearm and total suicide rates. The male and female veteran suicide decedents were, respectively, 1.3 and 1.6 times more likely to use firearms relative to nonveterans after adjusting for age, marital status, race, and region of residence. CONCLUSIONS: Although violent death and the use of firearms are generally associated with men, the results reported here suggest that firearms among female veterans deserve particular attention among health professionals within and outside the veterans affairs system. In addition, the focus should not be exclusively on the Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom military cohort but also on men and women who served in earlier combat theaters, including the Gulf war, Vietnam Era, Korean Conflict, and World War II. SN - 1529-8809 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19741391/Firearm_suicide_among_veterans_in_the_general_population:_findings_from_the_national_violent_death_reporting_system_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=19741391 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -