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Calcium intake is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2001 and 2005.
Menopause. 2009 Sep-Oct; 16(5):992-7.M

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Calcium intake is known to be associated with the risk of having metabolic syndrome. However, the previous studies did not take into account the fact that intestinal absorption and urinary excretion of calcium are estrogen dependent, and intestinal absorption efficiency and renal conservation of calcium deteriorate after menopause. Therefore, we performed a menopause status-specific analysis of the association between calcium intake and metabolic syndrome.

METHODS

A total of 9,341 participants (4,118 men, 3,359 premenopausal women, and 1,864 postmenopausal women) from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001 and 2005 were included in the study.

RESULTS

Calcium and energy intake were significantly higher in men than in women and were lowest in postmenopausal women. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, postmenopausal women with calcium intake in the fourth quartile had a lower risk of having metabolic syndrome (odds ratio, 0.637; 95% CI, 0.452-0.898) compared with women with intake in the first quartile after adjustment for age, body mass index, marital status, education level, alcohol intake, smoking history, exercise, hormone therapy use, and energy intake. However, no association was detected in men and premenopausal women.

CONCLUSIONS

Calcium intake is inversely associated with the risk of having metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Prospective or longitudinal studies concerning sex and menopause status are necessary to evaluate an association between calcium intake and metabolic syndrome.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19741428

Citation

Cho, Geum Joon, et al. "Calcium Intake Is Inversely Associated With Metabolic Syndrome in Postmenopausal Women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2001 and 2005." Menopause (New York, N.Y.), vol. 16, no. 5, 2009, pp. 992-7.
Cho GJ, Park HT, Shin JH, et al. Calcium intake is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2001 and 2005. Menopause. 2009;16(5):992-7.
Cho, G. J., Park, H. T., Shin, J. H., Hur, J. Y., Kim, Y. T., Kim, S. H., Lee, K. W., & Kim, T. (2009). Calcium intake is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2001 and 2005. Menopause (New York, N.Y.), 16(5), 992-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e31819e23cb
Cho GJ, et al. Calcium Intake Is Inversely Associated With Metabolic Syndrome in Postmenopausal Women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2001 and 2005. Menopause. 2009 Sep-Oct;16(5):992-7. PubMed PMID: 19741428.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Calcium intake is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2001 and 2005. AU - Cho,Geum Joon, AU - Park,Hyun Tae, AU - Shin,Jung Ho, AU - Hur,Jun Young, AU - Kim,Young Tae, AU - Kim,Sun Haeng, AU - Lee,Kyu Wan, AU - Kim,Tak, PY - 2009/9/11/entrez PY - 2009/9/11/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 992 EP - 7 JF - Menopause (New York, N.Y.) JO - Menopause VL - 16 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Calcium intake is known to be associated with the risk of having metabolic syndrome. However, the previous studies did not take into account the fact that intestinal absorption and urinary excretion of calcium are estrogen dependent, and intestinal absorption efficiency and renal conservation of calcium deteriorate after menopause. Therefore, we performed a menopause status-specific analysis of the association between calcium intake and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A total of 9,341 participants (4,118 men, 3,359 premenopausal women, and 1,864 postmenopausal women) from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001 and 2005 were included in the study. RESULTS: Calcium and energy intake were significantly higher in men than in women and were lowest in postmenopausal women. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, postmenopausal women with calcium intake in the fourth quartile had a lower risk of having metabolic syndrome (odds ratio, 0.637; 95% CI, 0.452-0.898) compared with women with intake in the first quartile after adjustment for age, body mass index, marital status, education level, alcohol intake, smoking history, exercise, hormone therapy use, and energy intake. However, no association was detected in men and premenopausal women. CONCLUSIONS: Calcium intake is inversely associated with the risk of having metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Prospective or longitudinal studies concerning sex and menopause status are necessary to evaluate an association between calcium intake and metabolic syndrome. SN - 1530-0374 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19741428/Calcium_intake_is_inversely_associated_with_metabolic_syndrome_in_postmenopausal_women:_Korea_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Survey_2001_and_2005_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0b013e31819e23cb DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -