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Frequent consumption of certain fast foods may be associated with an enhanced preference for salt taste.
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2009 Oct; 22(5):475-80.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Excessive exposure to high-salt foods may change the taste perception, which results in the overconsumption of sodium. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of liking or frequent eating of high-salt food on salt taste perception among schoolchildren.

METHODS

The detection threshold of sodium chloride (NaCl) and the preferred salinity of beansprout soup were determined and were used to represent the salt taste acuity and preference, respectively, of 70 Koreans aged 12-13 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information regarding food preferences or frequency of eating certain high-salt Korean dishes, Westernised fast foods and commercially-prepared foods, as well as various food groups. The significance of differences in taste perceptions was assessed in relation to the reported liking, and frequency of eating, high-salt foods. In addition, the correlation between taste perception and the liking or frequency of eating fast foods was also assessed.

RESULTS

The participants who reported a liking for soup/stew had significantly higher thresholds for NaCl (P = 0.029), and frequent users of fast-food restaurants showed a preference for significantly saltier soup (P = 0.010). The preferred salinity was associated significantly with a high preference for pizza (r = 0.282, P = 0.018) or hamburgers (r = 0.305, P = 0.010) and the frequent consumption of pork cutlets (r = 0.239, P = 0.046) or hamburgers (r = 0.461, P = 0.010).

CONCLUSIONS

The results obtained in the present study suggest that the frequent consumption of certain fast foods by young teenagers may be associated with an increased preference for salt taste. This study provides basic information for use in devising education programmes in evidence-based nutrition to reduce salt intake.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate School of Education, Daejin University, Pocheon, Korea.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19743985

Citation

Kim, G H., and H M. Lee. "Frequent Consumption of Certain Fast Foods May Be Associated With an Enhanced Preference for Salt Taste." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 22, no. 5, 2009, pp. 475-80.
Kim GH, Lee HM. Frequent consumption of certain fast foods may be associated with an enhanced preference for salt taste. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2009;22(5):475-80.
Kim, G. H., & Lee, H. M. (2009). Frequent consumption of certain fast foods may be associated with an enhanced preference for salt taste. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 22(5), 475-80. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2009.00984.x
Kim GH, Lee HM. Frequent Consumption of Certain Fast Foods May Be Associated With an Enhanced Preference for Salt Taste. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2009;22(5):475-80. PubMed PMID: 19743985.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Frequent consumption of certain fast foods may be associated with an enhanced preference for salt taste. AU - Kim,G H, AU - Lee,H M, PY - 2009/9/12/entrez PY - 2009/9/12/pubmed PY - 2009/11/11/medline SP - 475 EP - 80 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 22 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Excessive exposure to high-salt foods may change the taste perception, which results in the overconsumption of sodium. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of liking or frequent eating of high-salt food on salt taste perception among schoolchildren. METHODS: The detection threshold of sodium chloride (NaCl) and the preferred salinity of beansprout soup were determined and were used to represent the salt taste acuity and preference, respectively, of 70 Koreans aged 12-13 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information regarding food preferences or frequency of eating certain high-salt Korean dishes, Westernised fast foods and commercially-prepared foods, as well as various food groups. The significance of differences in taste perceptions was assessed in relation to the reported liking, and frequency of eating, high-salt foods. In addition, the correlation between taste perception and the liking or frequency of eating fast foods was also assessed. RESULTS: The participants who reported a liking for soup/stew had significantly higher thresholds for NaCl (P = 0.029), and frequent users of fast-food restaurants showed a preference for significantly saltier soup (P = 0.010). The preferred salinity was associated significantly with a high preference for pizza (r = 0.282, P = 0.018) or hamburgers (r = 0.305, P = 0.010) and the frequent consumption of pork cutlets (r = 0.239, P = 0.046) or hamburgers (r = 0.461, P = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained in the present study suggest that the frequent consumption of certain fast foods by young teenagers may be associated with an increased preference for salt taste. This study provides basic information for use in devising education programmes in evidence-based nutrition to reduce salt intake. SN - 1365-277X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19743985/Frequent_consumption_of_certain_fast_foods_may_be_associated_with_an_enhanced_preference_for_salt_taste_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2009.00984.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -