Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

[Pharmaco-therapeutic evaluation of medical treatments of adult autistics and multi-handicapped patients in a public mental health unit].
Encephale. 2009 Sep; 35(4):370-6.E

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

This paper presents a survey conducted on a population of multi-handicapped patients and autistic adults hospitalised long term in the Paul Guiraud mental health Hospital in Villejuif France.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of the survey is to deepen the knowledge of the treatments for this specific population.

METHODS

A preliminary medical investigation was conducted on the population in order to target different groups of patients. Once patients had listed and defined their medical needs, prescriptions were analysed to assess whether clinical characteristics had an impact. Thus, the analysis of treatments was carried out for the 57 patients (14% of the hospital population) and compared to other investigations conducted on the population commonly hospitalised in Psychiatry. The evaluation of the treatments was obtained through a questionnaire which enabled us to target the therapeutical goals and to obtain additional clinical information. The drugs with a high rate of prescription were compared between the autistic group and the multi-handicapped group. The important comorbidity and the multi-symptomatology of autism often involves the polymedication of these patients (8+/-0.8 drugs per patient).

RESULTS

Fifty per cent of the treatments are referred to as somatic treatments. The average length of stay (22.3 years) and the high average age are aggravating factors for polymedication. The average number of psychotropic molecules also appears higher than in the populations studied in the literature. The heterogeneity of clinical forms of autism and polyhandicap encourages prescribers to multidrug therapy. The prescriptions usually remain stable (17.5% of psychiatric treatment is adapted and only 7% of somatic treatment). Epilepsy and constipation are the main treated somatic disorders. In psychiatry, the oral route is the privileged route of administration (81% of treatments) with, more specifically, the use of drinkable solutions for the psychiatric treatment. Neuroleptic drugs are the basic treatment of these patients (82% of prescriptions). The aim of the prescription of neuroleptics is essentially to obtain behavioural or antipsychotic sedation. Cyamemazin is the most prescribed drug (46% of neuroleptic prescriptions), mainly for its anxiolytic effects. Co-prescription is frequent (55.3%) and corresponds to 53% of co-prescriptions of an association of phenothiazine and butyrophenone. Doses are high, which implies the prescription of treatments against the neuroleptics side-effects (86% of patients have such a prescription). The rate of prescriptions of the other psychotropic drugs (hypnotics, anxiolytics, etc.) is approximately equivalent between our population and the "classical" hospitalised psychiatric population, except for antidepressants (7% of prescriptions) because the differential diagnosis is difficult in these patients. Nearly 60% of patients have prescriptions of hypnotic drugs. However, this figure is tempered by prescriptions of drugs "if necessary" in two-thirds of the cases. Finally, only 30% of patients have systematic hypnotic prescriptions.

CONCLUSION

Although autistics are clinically different from multi-handicapped patients, no statistically significant difference was demonstrated in their prescriptions, which implies a similar pharmacological management. It is difficult to clearly distinguish these two populations only according to the type of drugs used and the doses prescribed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Service pharmacie, CHSLD du Chénois, rue Alfred-Engel, 90800 Bavilliers, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

19748374

Citation

Armand-Branger, S, et al. "[Pharmaco-therapeutic Evaluation of Medical Treatments of Adult Autistics and Multi-handicapped Patients in a Public Mental Health Unit]." L'Encephale, vol. 35, no. 4, 2009, pp. 370-6.
Armand-Branger S, Poisson N, Gaudoneix-Taïeb M, et al. [Pharmaco-therapeutic evaluation of medical treatments of adult autistics and multi-handicapped patients in a public mental health unit]. Encephale. 2009;35(4):370-6.
Armand-Branger, S., Poisson, N., Gaudoneix-Taïeb, M., & Ramos, O. (2009). [Pharmaco-therapeutic evaluation of medical treatments of adult autistics and multi-handicapped patients in a public mental health unit]. L'Encephale, 35(4), 370-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2008.04.008
Armand-Branger S, et al. [Pharmaco-therapeutic Evaluation of Medical Treatments of Adult Autistics and Multi-handicapped Patients in a Public Mental Health Unit]. Encephale. 2009;35(4):370-6. PubMed PMID: 19748374.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Pharmaco-therapeutic evaluation of medical treatments of adult autistics and multi-handicapped patients in a public mental health unit]. AU - Armand-Branger,S, AU - Poisson,N, AU - Gaudoneix-Taïeb,M, AU - Ramos,O, Y1 - 2008/09/30/ PY - 2006/12/22/received PY - 2008/04/11/accepted PY - 2009/9/15/entrez PY - 2009/9/15/pubmed PY - 2009/11/3/medline SP - 370 EP - 6 JF - L'Encephale JO - Encephale VL - 35 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: This paper presents a survey conducted on a population of multi-handicapped patients and autistic adults hospitalised long term in the Paul Guiraud mental health Hospital in Villejuif France. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the survey is to deepen the knowledge of the treatments for this specific population. METHODS: A preliminary medical investigation was conducted on the population in order to target different groups of patients. Once patients had listed and defined their medical needs, prescriptions were analysed to assess whether clinical characteristics had an impact. Thus, the analysis of treatments was carried out for the 57 patients (14% of the hospital population) and compared to other investigations conducted on the population commonly hospitalised in Psychiatry. The evaluation of the treatments was obtained through a questionnaire which enabled us to target the therapeutical goals and to obtain additional clinical information. The drugs with a high rate of prescription were compared between the autistic group and the multi-handicapped group. The important comorbidity and the multi-symptomatology of autism often involves the polymedication of these patients (8+/-0.8 drugs per patient). RESULTS: Fifty per cent of the treatments are referred to as somatic treatments. The average length of stay (22.3 years) and the high average age are aggravating factors for polymedication. The average number of psychotropic molecules also appears higher than in the populations studied in the literature. The heterogeneity of clinical forms of autism and polyhandicap encourages prescribers to multidrug therapy. The prescriptions usually remain stable (17.5% of psychiatric treatment is adapted and only 7% of somatic treatment). Epilepsy and constipation are the main treated somatic disorders. In psychiatry, the oral route is the privileged route of administration (81% of treatments) with, more specifically, the use of drinkable solutions for the psychiatric treatment. Neuroleptic drugs are the basic treatment of these patients (82% of prescriptions). The aim of the prescription of neuroleptics is essentially to obtain behavioural or antipsychotic sedation. Cyamemazin is the most prescribed drug (46% of neuroleptic prescriptions), mainly for its anxiolytic effects. Co-prescription is frequent (55.3%) and corresponds to 53% of co-prescriptions of an association of phenothiazine and butyrophenone. Doses are high, which implies the prescription of treatments against the neuroleptics side-effects (86% of patients have such a prescription). The rate of prescriptions of the other psychotropic drugs (hypnotics, anxiolytics, etc.) is approximately equivalent between our population and the "classical" hospitalised psychiatric population, except for antidepressants (7% of prescriptions) because the differential diagnosis is difficult in these patients. Nearly 60% of patients have prescriptions of hypnotic drugs. However, this figure is tempered by prescriptions of drugs "if necessary" in two-thirds of the cases. Finally, only 30% of patients have systematic hypnotic prescriptions. CONCLUSION: Although autistics are clinically different from multi-handicapped patients, no statistically significant difference was demonstrated in their prescriptions, which implies a similar pharmacological management. It is difficult to clearly distinguish these two populations only according to the type of drugs used and the doses prescribed. SN - 0013-7006 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19748374/[Pharmaco_therapeutic_evaluation_of_medical_treatments_of_adult_autistics_and_multi_handicapped_patients_in_a_public_mental_health_unit]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0013-7006(08)00165-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -