Circulating IgA and IgE autoantibodies in antilaminin-332 mucous membrane pemphigoid.Br J Dermatol. 2010 Mar; 162(3):513-7.BJ
Antilaminin-332 mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a chronic autoimmune bullous disease that is often associated with internal malignancy. IgG autoantibodies against laminin-332 in patients with MMP are well documented; however, IgA and IgE autoantibodies against laminin-332 have not yet been described.
To characterize IgA and IgE autoantibodies binding to laminin-332 in sera from patients with antilaminin-332 MMP.
Sera and skin samples from four patients who met the following criteria were used: (i) subepidermal blistering lesions present on the mucous membranes; (ii) in vivo deposition of IgG along the epidermal basement membrane zone of sampled skin; (iii) circulating IgG antibasement membrane zone antibodies that react with the dermal side of salt-split normal human skin; and (iv) circulating IgG autoantibodies that do not show positivity against type VII collagen or 200-kDa protein (p200 antigen) in immunoblot analysis using dermal extracts. Circulating IgG/IgA/IgE class autoantibodies against laminin-332 were determined by immunoblotting.
Circulating IgG autoantibodies against the gamma2, alpha3/gamma2, alpha3 and alpha3/beta3/gamma2 subunits of laminin-332 were demonstrated in sera from four patients, respectively. Serum from one of the four patients showed IgA reactivity with the alpha3/beta3/gamma2 subunits of laminin-332. Serum from one of the four patients showed IgE reactivity with the gamma2 subunit of laminin-332. The control sera failed to display IgG/IgA/IgE reactivity to laminin-332.
In addition to IgG autoantibodies, circulating IgA and IgE autoantibodies against laminin-332 are detectable in a subset of patients with antilaminin-332 MMP.