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Evaluating the strength of school tobacco policies: the development of a practical rating system.
J Sch Health. 2009 Oct; 79(10):495-504.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

School tobacco control policies vary widely in their strength, extensiveness, and enforcement. Currently, no standardized method exists to assess the comprehensiveness of school tobacco policies. The purpose of this study was to develop a new practical rating system for school tobacco policies, assess its reliability, and present preliminary validation data.

METHODS

This study presents the systematic development of a rating system to assess the strength of school tobacco policies. Based on the empirical literature and the expertise of an advisory panel consisting of educational leaders and tobacco control advocates and practitioners, a "gold standard" school tobacco policy was developed and guided the content of the 40-point rating system. The 4 domains of the School Tobacco Policy Index were: Tobacco-free environment (14 points), Enforcement (12 points), Prevention and treatment services (6 points), and Policy organization (8 points).

RESULTS

The Index was pilot-tested using 95 Missouri public school district tobacco policies and proved to be highly reliable among coders. The evaluated policies varied greatly between school districts, with the lowest total policy score of phi and the highest score of 21. School district policy scores were significantly related to a number of county-level tobacco policy characteristics, including support for a tobacco excise tax increase.

CONCLUSIONS

The Index is a user-friendly, practical tool for tobacco control professionals and educators, providing them with the ability to easily evaluate their own school policies. Their evaluation efforts will be useful in strengthening existing policies and developing new comprehensive policies to protect the health of students, staff, administrators, and visitors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Health, 1 West Wilson Street, Madison, WI 53701, USA. jennifer.boyce@wisconsin.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19751311

Citation

Boyce, Jennifer C., et al. "Evaluating the Strength of School Tobacco Policies: the Development of a Practical Rating System." The Journal of School Health, vol. 79, no. 10, 2009, pp. 495-504.
Boyce JC, Mueller NB, Hogan-Watts M, et al. Evaluating the strength of school tobacco policies: the development of a practical rating system. J Sch Health. 2009;79(10):495-504.
Boyce, J. C., Mueller, N. B., Hogan-Watts, M., & Luke, D. A. (2009). Evaluating the strength of school tobacco policies: the development of a practical rating system. The Journal of School Health, 79(10), 495-504. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00439.x
Boyce JC, et al. Evaluating the Strength of School Tobacco Policies: the Development of a Practical Rating System. J Sch Health. 2009;79(10):495-504. PubMed PMID: 19751311.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluating the strength of school tobacco policies: the development of a practical rating system. AU - Boyce,Jennifer C, AU - Mueller,Nancy B, AU - Hogan-Watts,Melissa, AU - Luke,Douglas A, PY - 2009/9/16/entrez PY - 2009/9/16/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 495 EP - 504 JF - The Journal of school health JO - J Sch Health VL - 79 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: School tobacco control policies vary widely in their strength, extensiveness, and enforcement. Currently, no standardized method exists to assess the comprehensiveness of school tobacco policies. The purpose of this study was to develop a new practical rating system for school tobacco policies, assess its reliability, and present preliminary validation data. METHODS: This study presents the systematic development of a rating system to assess the strength of school tobacco policies. Based on the empirical literature and the expertise of an advisory panel consisting of educational leaders and tobacco control advocates and practitioners, a "gold standard" school tobacco policy was developed and guided the content of the 40-point rating system. The 4 domains of the School Tobacco Policy Index were: Tobacco-free environment (14 points), Enforcement (12 points), Prevention and treatment services (6 points), and Policy organization (8 points). RESULTS: The Index was pilot-tested using 95 Missouri public school district tobacco policies and proved to be highly reliable among coders. The evaluated policies varied greatly between school districts, with the lowest total policy score of phi and the highest score of 21. School district policy scores were significantly related to a number of county-level tobacco policy characteristics, including support for a tobacco excise tax increase. CONCLUSIONS: The Index is a user-friendly, practical tool for tobacco control professionals and educators, providing them with the ability to easily evaluate their own school policies. Their evaluation efforts will be useful in strengthening existing policies and developing new comprehensive policies to protect the health of students, staff, administrators, and visitors. SN - 1746-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19751311/Evaluating_the_strength_of_school_tobacco_policies:_the_development_of_a_practical_rating_system_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00439.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -