Elevated serum PTH is independently associated with poor outcomes in older patients with hip fracture and vitamin D inadequacy.Calcif Tissue Int. 2009 Oct; 85(4):301-9.CT
To determine whether serum 25(OH)D and/or PTH levels in older patients with hip fracture (HF) could predict short-term clinical outcomes, we conducted a prospective observational study of 287 consecutive HF patients (mean age 81.9 + or - 7.5 [SD] years, 72% females). The prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy (25[OH]D < 80 nmol/l) was 97.1%, that of vitamin D deficiency (25[OH]D < 50 nmol/l) was 79.8%, and that of elevated PTH level (>6.8 pmol/l) was 35.5%. After adjustment for age and sex, PTH was significantly associated with in-hospital mortality (OR = 1.12, 95% CI 10.5-1.20, P < 0.001), myocardial injury (OR = 1.05, 95% CI 1.03-1.15, P = 0.002), prolonged length of stay (LOS > or = 20 days; OR = 1.05, 95% CI 1.01-1.06, P = 0.044), and being discharged to institutional care (OR = 1.07, 95% CI 1.01-1.18, P = 0.48). Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), but not vitamin D deficiency, was associated with older age, a higher prevalence of trochanteric fracture, coronary artery disease, hypertension, previous stroke, renal impairment, increased levels of serum osteocalcin, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, and adiponectin as well as a significantly higher in-hospital mortality (11.8 vs. 0.54%, P = 0.001), perioperative myocardial injury (32.7 vs. 22.5%, P = 0.043), LOS > or = 20 days (40.2 vs. 26.9%, P = 0.017), and being discharged to institutional care (29.5 vs. 14.6%, P = 0.019). In multivariate regression analyses, SHPT was strongly associated with in-hospital mortality and LOS > or = 20 days. We conclude that elevated PTH (but not vitamin D deficiency per se) is a strong independent predictor of poor outcomes in older patients.