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Driving after binge drinking.
Am J Prev Med 2009; 37(4):314-20AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although binge drinking is strongly associated with alcohol-impaired driving, little is known about the prevalence of or risk factors for driving after binge drinking.

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of, and risk factors for, driving during or shortly after a specific binge drinking episode.

METHODS

The data were analyzed in 2007 and 2008 from 14,085 adults from 13 states in 2003 and 14 states in 2004 who reported binge drinking and answered an additional series of questions about binge drinking behaviors as part of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey. Binge drinking was defined as the consumption of five or more drinks during a drinking occasion.

RESULTS

Overall, 11.9% of binge drinkers drove during or within 2 hours of their most recent binge drinking episode. Those drinking in licensed establishments (bars, clubs, and restaurants) accounted for 54.3% of these driving episodes. Significant independent risk factors for driving after binge drinking included male gender (AOR = 1.75); being aged 35-54 or > or = 55 years compared to 18-34 years (AOR = 1.58 and 2.37, respectively); and drinking in bars or clubs compared to drinking in the respondent's home (AOR = 7.81). Drivers who drank most of their alcohol in licensed establishments consumed an average of 8.1 drinks, and 25.7% of them consumed > or = 10 drinks.

CONCLUSIONS

Because binge drinking and subsequent driving were common in establishments licensed to sell alcohol, and because licensing is conditional on responsible beverage service practices (i.e., not selling to intoxicated people), efforts to prevent impaired driving should focus on enforcing responsible beverage service in licensed establishments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Alcohol Team, Emerging Investigations and Analytic Methods Branch, Division of Adult and Community Health, National Centers for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. tnaimi@post.harvard.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19765503

Citation

Naimi, Timothy S., et al. "Driving After Binge Drinking." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 37, no. 4, 2009, pp. 314-20.
Naimi TS, Nelson DE, Brewer RD. Driving after binge drinking. Am J Prev Med. 2009;37(4):314-20.
Naimi, T. S., Nelson, D. E., & Brewer, R. D. (2009). Driving after binge drinking. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37(4), pp. 314-20. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2009.06.013.
Naimi TS, Nelson DE, Brewer RD. Driving After Binge Drinking. Am J Prev Med. 2009;37(4):314-20. PubMed PMID: 19765503.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Driving after binge drinking. AU - Naimi,Timothy S, AU - Nelson,David E, AU - Brewer,Robert D, PY - 2009/01/29/received PY - 2009/04/16/revised PY - 2009/06/01/accepted PY - 2009/9/22/entrez PY - 2009/9/22/pubmed PY - 2009/11/3/medline SP - 314 EP - 20 JF - American journal of preventive medicine JO - Am J Prev Med VL - 37 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although binge drinking is strongly associated with alcohol-impaired driving, little is known about the prevalence of or risk factors for driving after binge drinking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of, and risk factors for, driving during or shortly after a specific binge drinking episode. METHODS: The data were analyzed in 2007 and 2008 from 14,085 adults from 13 states in 2003 and 14 states in 2004 who reported binge drinking and answered an additional series of questions about binge drinking behaviors as part of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey. Binge drinking was defined as the consumption of five or more drinks during a drinking occasion. RESULTS: Overall, 11.9% of binge drinkers drove during or within 2 hours of their most recent binge drinking episode. Those drinking in licensed establishments (bars, clubs, and restaurants) accounted for 54.3% of these driving episodes. Significant independent risk factors for driving after binge drinking included male gender (AOR = 1.75); being aged 35-54 or > or = 55 years compared to 18-34 years (AOR = 1.58 and 2.37, respectively); and drinking in bars or clubs compared to drinking in the respondent's home (AOR = 7.81). Drivers who drank most of their alcohol in licensed establishments consumed an average of 8.1 drinks, and 25.7% of them consumed > or = 10 drinks. CONCLUSIONS: Because binge drinking and subsequent driving were common in establishments licensed to sell alcohol, and because licensing is conditional on responsible beverage service practices (i.e., not selling to intoxicated people), efforts to prevent impaired driving should focus on enforcing responsible beverage service in licensed establishments. SN - 1873-2607 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19765503/Driving_after_binge_drinking_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0749-3797(09)00457-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -