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Food insecurity is associated with iron deficiency anemia in US adolescents.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Nov; 90(5):1358-71.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Food insecurity, a condition of low or very low food security, is associated with decreased nutrient intake and poor health, which can lead to nutrient deficiency in children, including iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to formally investigate the current relation of iron status and food security status among children aged 3-19 y (n = 11,247).

DESIGN

Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 were classified for food security status by using the US Children's Food Security Scale and the US Household Food Security Scale. Iron deficiency was defined as > or =2 abnormal values for transferrin saturation, serum ferritin, and erythrocyte protoporphyrin, with the addition of abnormal hemoglobin to classify iron deficiency anemia.

RESULTS

The odds of iron deficiency anemia among children aged 12-15 y were 2.95 times (95% CI: 1.18, 7.37; P = 0.02) those for children in households with food insecurity among children compared with children in households with food security among children.

CONCLUSIONS

The results of this study indicate a continuing need for successful interventions to reduce iron deficiency anemia among food-insecure children and to improve food security among children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Foods and Nutrition and Statistics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2059, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19776137

Citation

Eicher-Miller, Heather A., et al. "Food Insecurity Is Associated With Iron Deficiency Anemia in US Adolescents." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 90, no. 5, 2009, pp. 1358-71.
Eicher-Miller HA, Mason AC, Weaver CM, et al. Food insecurity is associated with iron deficiency anemia in US adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;90(5):1358-71.
Eicher-Miller, H. A., Mason, A. C., Weaver, C. M., McCabe, G. P., & Boushey, C. J. (2009). Food insecurity is associated with iron deficiency anemia in US adolescents. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90(5), 1358-71. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.27886
Eicher-Miller HA, et al. Food Insecurity Is Associated With Iron Deficiency Anemia in US Adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;90(5):1358-71. PubMed PMID: 19776137.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food insecurity is associated with iron deficiency anemia in US adolescents. AU - Eicher-Miller,Heather A, AU - Mason,April C, AU - Weaver,Connie M, AU - McCabe,George P, AU - Boushey,Carol J, Y1 - 2009/09/23/ PY - 2009/9/25/entrez PY - 2009/9/25/pubmed PY - 2010/1/7/medline SP - 1358 EP - 71 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am J Clin Nutr VL - 90 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Food insecurity, a condition of low or very low food security, is associated with decreased nutrient intake and poor health, which can lead to nutrient deficiency in children, including iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to formally investigate the current relation of iron status and food security status among children aged 3-19 y (n = 11,247). DESIGN: Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 were classified for food security status by using the US Children's Food Security Scale and the US Household Food Security Scale. Iron deficiency was defined as > or =2 abnormal values for transferrin saturation, serum ferritin, and erythrocyte protoporphyrin, with the addition of abnormal hemoglobin to classify iron deficiency anemia. RESULTS: The odds of iron deficiency anemia among children aged 12-15 y were 2.95 times (95% CI: 1.18, 7.37; P = 0.02) those for children in households with food insecurity among children compared with children in households with food security among children. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate a continuing need for successful interventions to reduce iron deficiency anemia among food-insecure children and to improve food security among children. SN - 1938-3207 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19776137/Food_insecurity_is_associated_with_iron_deficiency_anemia_in_US_adolescents_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/ajcn.2009.27886 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -