Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Role of interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor beta 1 in otitis media with effusion.
Chin Med J (Engl). 2009 Sep 20; 122(18):2149-54.CM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a disease with complicated pathogeneses which are not clearly known. Increasing interest has been focused on immunological cells, cytokines and their roles in chronic inflammatory states. This study was designed to disclose the existence and roles of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) in the cause of OME in adults, and to investigate the probable role of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells in OME.

METHODS

The concentrations of IL-10 and TGF-beta1 in the middle ear effusions (MEEs) and plasmas of 36 adults (45 ears) with OME were measured by means of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). As contrast, the concentrations of IL-10 and TGF-beta1 in the plasma of 30 normal volunteers were measured using the same method. Furthermore, the proportion of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells in CD4(+) T cells of blood was tested by flow cytometry.

RESULTS

(1) The concentrations of IL-10 in all MEEs and plasmas of the chronic OME patients were higher than those in patients with acute OME (both P < 0.05), so was TGF-beta1 (both P < 0.01). The concentration of IL-10 in MEEs was significantly higher than that in plasmas, not only in acute OME (P < 0.01), but also in chronic OME (P < 0.01). In chronic OME, the concentration of TGF-beta1 in MEEs had no statistical difference with those in plasmas of the same patients. However, the concentration of TGF-beta1 in plasmas of patients with chronic OME was significantly higher than that in plasmas of normal volunteers (P < 0.01). (2) The concentrations of IL-10 and TGF-beta1 in MEEs of the patients who had been treated more than once were higher than those MEEs of the patients who were treated for the first time, respectively (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The level of TGF-beta1 in plasmas of the patients who had been treated more than once was higher than in those of the patients who were treated firstly (P < 0.05), while the level of IL-10 in plasmas had no difference. The concentration of IL-10 in mucoid MEEs was higher than those in serous ones (P < 0.05), while TGF-beta1 had no statistical difference between mucoid and serous MEEs (P > 0.05). The concentration of IL-10 in MEEs had a strong correlation with the duration of the illness (r = 0.547, P < 0.01). The same correlation was also found between the concentration of TGF-beta1 in MEEs and the times patients being treated (r = 0.579, P < 0.01). (3) The proportion of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+)T/CD4(+) T cells in the blood of chronic OME was not only significantly higher than that in the acute OME (P < 0.01), but also higher than that in normal volunteers (P < 0.01). In chronic OME, there was a correlation between the proportion of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T/CD4(+) T cells in the blood and the concentration of IL-10 in the plasmas (r = 0.602, P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

IL-10 and TGF-beta1, as two important immunoregulatory mediators, participate in middle ear inflammatory response, especially in chronic course of OME in adults. Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells may play some immunoregulatory roles in the course of this disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19781301

Citation

Zhao, Shou-qin, et al. "Role of Interleukin-10 and Transforming Growth Factor Beta 1 in Otitis Media With Effusion." Chinese Medical Journal, vol. 122, no. 18, 2009, pp. 2149-54.
Zhao SQ, Li J, Liu H, et al. Role of interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor beta 1 in otitis media with effusion. Chin Med J. 2009;122(18):2149-54.
Zhao, S. Q., Li, J., Liu, H., Zhang, Q. G., Wang, Y., & Han, D. M. (2009). Role of interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor beta 1 in otitis media with effusion. Chinese Medical Journal, 122(18), 2149-54.
Zhao SQ, et al. Role of Interleukin-10 and Transforming Growth Factor Beta 1 in Otitis Media With Effusion. Chin Med J. 2009 Sep 20;122(18):2149-54. PubMed PMID: 19781301.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Role of interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor beta 1 in otitis media with effusion. AU - Zhao,Shou-qin, AU - Li,Jie, AU - Liu,Hua, AU - Zhang,Quan-geng, AU - Wang,Yang, AU - Han,De-min, PY - 2009/9/29/entrez PY - 2009/9/29/pubmed PY - 2010/2/5/medline SP - 2149 EP - 54 JF - Chinese medical journal JO - Chin. Med. J. VL - 122 IS - 18 N2 - BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a disease with complicated pathogeneses which are not clearly known. Increasing interest has been focused on immunological cells, cytokines and their roles in chronic inflammatory states. This study was designed to disclose the existence and roles of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) in the cause of OME in adults, and to investigate the probable role of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells in OME. METHODS: The concentrations of IL-10 and TGF-beta1 in the middle ear effusions (MEEs) and plasmas of 36 adults (45 ears) with OME were measured by means of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). As contrast, the concentrations of IL-10 and TGF-beta1 in the plasma of 30 normal volunteers were measured using the same method. Furthermore, the proportion of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells in CD4(+) T cells of blood was tested by flow cytometry. RESULTS: (1) The concentrations of IL-10 in all MEEs and plasmas of the chronic OME patients were higher than those in patients with acute OME (both P < 0.05), so was TGF-beta1 (both P < 0.01). The concentration of IL-10 in MEEs was significantly higher than that in plasmas, not only in acute OME (P < 0.01), but also in chronic OME (P < 0.01). In chronic OME, the concentration of TGF-beta1 in MEEs had no statistical difference with those in plasmas of the same patients. However, the concentration of TGF-beta1 in plasmas of patients with chronic OME was significantly higher than that in plasmas of normal volunteers (P < 0.01). (2) The concentrations of IL-10 and TGF-beta1 in MEEs of the patients who had been treated more than once were higher than those MEEs of the patients who were treated for the first time, respectively (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The level of TGF-beta1 in plasmas of the patients who had been treated more than once was higher than in those of the patients who were treated firstly (P < 0.05), while the level of IL-10 in plasmas had no difference. The concentration of IL-10 in mucoid MEEs was higher than those in serous ones (P < 0.05), while TGF-beta1 had no statistical difference between mucoid and serous MEEs (P > 0.05). The concentration of IL-10 in MEEs had a strong correlation with the duration of the illness (r = 0.547, P < 0.01). The same correlation was also found between the concentration of TGF-beta1 in MEEs and the times patients being treated (r = 0.579, P < 0.01). (3) The proportion of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+)T/CD4(+) T cells in the blood of chronic OME was not only significantly higher than that in the acute OME (P < 0.01), but also higher than that in normal volunteers (P < 0.01). In chronic OME, there was a correlation between the proportion of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T/CD4(+) T cells in the blood and the concentration of IL-10 in the plasmas (r = 0.602, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: IL-10 and TGF-beta1, as two important immunoregulatory mediators, participate in middle ear inflammatory response, especially in chronic course of OME in adults. Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells may play some immunoregulatory roles in the course of this disease. SN - 2542-5641 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19781301/Role_of_interleukin_10_and_transforming_growth_factor_beta_1_in_otitis_media_with_effusion_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=19781301 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -