Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Association of major dietary patterns with obesity risk among Mongolian men and women.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2009; 18(3):433-40.AP

Abstract

Mongolia is experiencing changes in its unique nomadic lifestyle and dietary habits in the last two decades with accompanying increase in obesity rate. The dietary pattern approach, which investigates the overall diet in relation to obesity risks, has become appealing in nutrition epidemiology. The aim of this study was to identify major dietary patterns of the Mongolian adults in relation to the risk of having obesity. Dietary intake of a total 418 adults aged ? 25 years was assessed by using a food frequency questionnaire with 68 items. An exploratory factor analysis resulted in three dietary patterns: transitional high in processed meat and potato, traditional rich in whole milk, fats and oils and healthy with greater intake of whole grains, mixed vegetables and fruits. Individuals in the upper quintile of the transitional pattern had significantly greater risk of obesity (BMI > or =25 kg/m2: OR=2.47; 95% CI=1.04-5.86) while subjects in the highest quintile of the healthy dietary pattern were found to have significantly decreased risk of obesity (OR: 0.49; 95% CI=0.25-0.95). Men in the highest quintile of the transitional pattern had greater risk of abdominal obesity WC > or =90 cm: OR= 4.08; 95% CI=1.11-14.97) than those in the lowest quintile. Women in the top quintile of the traditional pattern had a greater odds of having abdominal obesity (WC > or =80 cm: OR=4.59; 95% CI=1.58-13.30) than those in the lowest quintile. The study suggests that public health efforts be targeted at adults in Mongolia to address the undesirable aspects of the transitional and the traditional dietary patterns.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University, Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia. otgon_nrc@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19786392

Citation

Dugee, Otgontuya, et al. "Association of Major Dietary Patterns With Obesity Risk Among Mongolian Men and Women." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 3, 2009, pp. 433-40.
Dugee O, Khor GL, Lye MS, et al. Association of major dietary patterns with obesity risk among Mongolian men and women. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2009;18(3):433-40.
Dugee, O., Khor, G. L., Lye, M. S., Luvsannyam, L., Janchiv, O., Jamyan, B., & Esa, N. (2009). Association of major dietary patterns with obesity risk among Mongolian men and women. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 18(3), 433-40.
Dugee O, et al. Association of Major Dietary Patterns With Obesity Risk Among Mongolian Men and Women. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2009;18(3):433-40. PubMed PMID: 19786392.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of major dietary patterns with obesity risk among Mongolian men and women. AU - Dugee,Otgontuya, AU - Khor,Geok Lin, AU - Lye,Munn-Sann, AU - Luvsannyam,Lhagva, AU - Janchiv,Oyunbileg, AU - Jamyan,Batjargal, AU - Esa,Norhaizan, PY - 2009/9/30/entrez PY - 2009/9/30/pubmed PY - 2009/12/19/medline SP - 433 EP - 40 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 18 IS - 3 N2 - Mongolia is experiencing changes in its unique nomadic lifestyle and dietary habits in the last two decades with accompanying increase in obesity rate. The dietary pattern approach, which investigates the overall diet in relation to obesity risks, has become appealing in nutrition epidemiology. The aim of this study was to identify major dietary patterns of the Mongolian adults in relation to the risk of having obesity. Dietary intake of a total 418 adults aged ? 25 years was assessed by using a food frequency questionnaire with 68 items. An exploratory factor analysis resulted in three dietary patterns: transitional high in processed meat and potato, traditional rich in whole milk, fats and oils and healthy with greater intake of whole grains, mixed vegetables and fruits. Individuals in the upper quintile of the transitional pattern had significantly greater risk of obesity (BMI > or =25 kg/m2: OR=2.47; 95% CI=1.04-5.86) while subjects in the highest quintile of the healthy dietary pattern were found to have significantly decreased risk of obesity (OR: 0.49; 95% CI=0.25-0.95). Men in the highest quintile of the transitional pattern had greater risk of abdominal obesity WC > or =90 cm: OR= 4.08; 95% CI=1.11-14.97) than those in the lowest quintile. Women in the top quintile of the traditional pattern had a greater odds of having abdominal obesity (WC > or =80 cm: OR=4.59; 95% CI=1.58-13.30) than those in the lowest quintile. The study suggests that public health efforts be targeted at adults in Mongolia to address the undesirable aspects of the transitional and the traditional dietary patterns. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19786392/Association_of_major_dietary_patterns_with_obesity_risk_among_Mongolian_men_and_women_ L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/18/3/433.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -