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Zika virus outside Africa.

Abstract

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus related to yellow fever, dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis viruses. In 2007 ZIKV caused an outbreak of relatively mild disease characterized by rash, arthralgia, and conjunctivitis on Yap Island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. This was the first time that ZIKV was detected outside of Africa and Asia. The history, transmission dynamics, virology, and clinical manifestations of ZIKV disease are discussed, along with the possibility for diagnostic confusion between ZIKV illness and dengue.The emergence of ZIKV outside of its previously known geographic range should prompt awareness of the potential for ZIKV to spread to other Pacific islands and the Americas.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, Barcelona, Spain. ned.hayes@cresib.cat

    Source

    Emerging infectious diseases 15:9 2009 Sep pg 1347-50

    MeSH

    Aedes
    Animals
    Antibodies, Viral
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Communicable Diseases, Emerging
    Humans
    Infant
    Insect Vectors
    Male
    Mice
    Micronesia
    Phylogeny
    RNA, Viral
    Zika Virus
    Zika Virus Infection

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19788800

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Zika virus outside Africa. A1 - Hayes,Edward B, PY - 2009/10/1/entrez PY - 2009/10/1/pubmed PY - 2010/1/6/medline SP - 1347 EP - 50 JF - Emerging infectious diseases JO - Emerging Infect. Dis. VL - 15 IS - 9 N2 - Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus related to yellow fever, dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis viruses. In 2007 ZIKV caused an outbreak of relatively mild disease characterized by rash, arthralgia, and conjunctivitis on Yap Island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. This was the first time that ZIKV was detected outside of Africa and Asia. The history, transmission dynamics, virology, and clinical manifestations of ZIKV disease are discussed, along with the possibility for diagnostic confusion between ZIKV illness and dengue.The emergence of ZIKV outside of its previously known geographic range should prompt awareness of the potential for ZIKV to spread to other Pacific islands and the Americas. SN - 1080-6059 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19788800/full_citation L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1509.090442 ER -