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Nurses' attitudes to mental illness: a comparison of a sample of nurses from five European countries.
Int J Nurs Stud 2010; 47(3):350-62IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Mental health problems are of serious concern across Europe. A major barrier to the realisation of good mental health and well-being is stigma and discrimination. To date there is limited knowledge or understanding of mental health nurses' attitudes towards mental illness and individuals experiencing mental health problems.

OBJECTIVES

To describe and compare attitudes towards mental illness and those experiencing mental health problems across a sample of registered nurses working in mental health settings from five European countries and the factors associated with these attitudes.

DESIGN

A questionnaire survey.

SETTINGS

A total of 72 inpatient wards and units and five community facilities in Finland, Lithuania, Ireland, Italy and Portugal.

PARTICIPANTS

810 registered nurses working in mental health settings.

METHODS

The data were collected using The Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill (CAMI) scale, which is a 40-item self-report questionnaire. The data were analysed using quantitative methods.

RESULTS

Nurses' attitudes were mainly positive. Attitudes differed across countries, with Portuguese nurses' attitudes being significantly more positive and Lithuanian nurses' attitudes being significantly more negative than others'. Positive attitudes were associated with being female and having a senior position.

CONCLUSIONS

Though European mental health nurses' attitudes to mental illness and people with mental health problems differ significantly across some countries, they are largely similar. The differences observed could be related to wider social, cultural and organisational circumstances of nursing practice.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, St George's, University of London and Kingston University, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK. m.chamber@sgul.kingston.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19804882

Citation

Chambers, Mary, et al. "Nurses' Attitudes to Mental Illness: a Comparison of a Sample of Nurses From Five European Countries." International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 47, no. 3, 2010, pp. 350-62.
Chambers M, Guise V, Välimäki M, et al. Nurses' attitudes to mental illness: a comparison of a sample of nurses from five European countries. Int J Nurs Stud. 2010;47(3):350-62.
Chambers, M., Guise, V., Välimäki, M., Botelho, M. A., Scott, A., Staniuliené, V., & Zanotti, R. (2010). Nurses' attitudes to mental illness: a comparison of a sample of nurses from five European countries. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(3), pp. 350-62. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.08.008.
Chambers M, et al. Nurses' Attitudes to Mental Illness: a Comparison of a Sample of Nurses From Five European Countries. Int J Nurs Stud. 2010;47(3):350-62. PubMed PMID: 19804882.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nurses' attitudes to mental illness: a comparison of a sample of nurses from five European countries. AU - Chambers,Mary, AU - Guise,Veslemøy, AU - Välimäki,Maritta, AU - Botelho,Maria Antónia Rebelo, AU - Scott,Anne, AU - Staniuliené,Vida, AU - Zanotti,Renzo, Y1 - 2009/10/04/ PY - 2009/02/20/received PY - 2009/06/15/revised PY - 2009/08/25/accepted PY - 2009/10/7/entrez PY - 2009/10/7/pubmed PY - 2010/5/13/medline SP - 350 EP - 62 JF - International journal of nursing studies JO - Int J Nurs Stud VL - 47 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are of serious concern across Europe. A major barrier to the realisation of good mental health and well-being is stigma and discrimination. To date there is limited knowledge or understanding of mental health nurses' attitudes towards mental illness and individuals experiencing mental health problems. OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare attitudes towards mental illness and those experiencing mental health problems across a sample of registered nurses working in mental health settings from five European countries and the factors associated with these attitudes. DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. SETTINGS: A total of 72 inpatient wards and units and five community facilities in Finland, Lithuania, Ireland, Italy and Portugal. PARTICIPANTS: 810 registered nurses working in mental health settings. METHODS: The data were collected using The Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill (CAMI) scale, which is a 40-item self-report questionnaire. The data were analysed using quantitative methods. RESULTS: Nurses' attitudes were mainly positive. Attitudes differed across countries, with Portuguese nurses' attitudes being significantly more positive and Lithuanian nurses' attitudes being significantly more negative than others'. Positive attitudes were associated with being female and having a senior position. CONCLUSIONS: Though European mental health nurses' attitudes to mental illness and people with mental health problems differ significantly across some countries, they are largely similar. The differences observed could be related to wider social, cultural and organisational circumstances of nursing practice. SN - 1873-491X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19804882/Nurses'_attitudes_to_mental_illness:_a_comparison_of_a_sample_of_nurses_from_five_European_countries_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0020-7489(09)00302-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -