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Factors discriminating among profiles of resilience and psychopathology in children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV).
Child Abuse Negl. 2009 Sep; 33(9):648-60.CA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the social and emotional adjustment of 219 children in families with varying levels of intimate partner violence (IPV) using a model of risk and protection. To explore factors that differentiate children with poor adjustment from those with resilience.

METHODOLOGY

Mothers who experienced IPV in the past year and their children ages 6-12 were interviewed. Standardized measures assessed family violence, parenting, family functioning, maternal mental health, and children's adjustment and beliefs.

RESULTS

Using cluster analysis, all cases with valid data on the Child Behavior Checklist, Child Depression Inventory, General Self-Worth and Social Self-Competence measures were described by four profiles of children's adjustment: Severe Adjustment Problems (24%); children who were Struggling (45%); those with Depression Only (11%); and Resilient (20%) with high competence and low adjustment problems. Multinomial logistic regression analyses showed children in the Severe Problems cluster witnessed more family violence and had mothers higher in depression and trauma symptoms than other children. Resilient and Struggling children had mothers with better parenting, more family strengths and no past violent partner. Parents of children with Severe Problems were lacking these attributes. The Depressed profile children witnessed less violence but had greater fears and worries about mother's safety.

CONCLUSION

Factors related to the child, to the mother and to the family distinguish different profiles of adjustment for children exposed to IPV who are living in the community. Resilient children have less violence exposure, fewer fears and worries, and mothers with better mental health and parenting skills, suggesting avenues for intervention with this population.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS

Findings suggest that child adjustment is largely influenced by parent functioning. Thus, services should be targeted at both the child and the parent. Clinical interventions shaped to the unique needs of the child might also be tested with this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Michigan, Department of Psychology, 530 Church Street Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1109, United States.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19804905

Citation

Graham-Bermann, Sandra A., et al. "Factors Discriminating Among Profiles of Resilience and Psychopathology in Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)." Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 33, no. 9, 2009, pp. 648-60.
Graham-Bermann SA, Gruber G, Howell KH, et al. Factors discriminating among profiles of resilience and psychopathology in children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV). Child Abuse Negl. 2009;33(9):648-60.
Graham-Bermann, S. A., Gruber, G., Howell, K. H., & Girz, L. (2009). Factors discriminating among profiles of resilience and psychopathology in children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV). Child Abuse & Neglect, 33(9), 648-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2009.01.002
Graham-Bermann SA, et al. Factors Discriminating Among Profiles of Resilience and Psychopathology in Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Child Abuse Negl. 2009;33(9):648-60. PubMed PMID: 19804905.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors discriminating among profiles of resilience and psychopathology in children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV). AU - Graham-Bermann,Sandra A, AU - Gruber,Gabrielle, AU - Howell,Kathryn H, AU - Girz,Laura, Y1 - 2009/10/04/ PY - 2007/07/25/received PY - 2008/10/03/revised PY - 2009/01/22/accepted PY - 2009/10/7/entrez PY - 2009/10/7/pubmed PY - 2010/1/7/medline SP - 648 EP - 60 JF - Child abuse & neglect JO - Child Abuse Negl VL - 33 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the social and emotional adjustment of 219 children in families with varying levels of intimate partner violence (IPV) using a model of risk and protection. To explore factors that differentiate children with poor adjustment from those with resilience. METHODOLOGY: Mothers who experienced IPV in the past year and their children ages 6-12 were interviewed. Standardized measures assessed family violence, parenting, family functioning, maternal mental health, and children's adjustment and beliefs. RESULTS: Using cluster analysis, all cases with valid data on the Child Behavior Checklist, Child Depression Inventory, General Self-Worth and Social Self-Competence measures were described by four profiles of children's adjustment: Severe Adjustment Problems (24%); children who were Struggling (45%); those with Depression Only (11%); and Resilient (20%) with high competence and low adjustment problems. Multinomial logistic regression analyses showed children in the Severe Problems cluster witnessed more family violence and had mothers higher in depression and trauma symptoms than other children. Resilient and Struggling children had mothers with better parenting, more family strengths and no past violent partner. Parents of children with Severe Problems were lacking these attributes. The Depressed profile children witnessed less violence but had greater fears and worries about mother's safety. CONCLUSION: Factors related to the child, to the mother and to the family distinguish different profiles of adjustment for children exposed to IPV who are living in the community. Resilient children have less violence exposure, fewer fears and worries, and mothers with better mental health and parenting skills, suggesting avenues for intervention with this population. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Findings suggest that child adjustment is largely influenced by parent functioning. Thus, services should be targeted at both the child and the parent. Clinical interventions shaped to the unique needs of the child might also be tested with this population. SN - 1873-7757 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19804905/Factors_discriminating_among_profiles_of_resilience_and_psychopathology_in_children_exposed_to_intimate_partner_violence__IPV__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0145-2134(09)00166-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -