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Sex-related alterations in hypothalamic tyrosine hydroxylase after neonatal monosodium glutamate treatment.
Neuroendocrinology. 1990 Nov; 52(5):460-7.N

Abstract

This study compared tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA signal levels, relative quantity of TH protein, and the catalytic activity of TH in the tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neurons (TIDA) of male and ovariectomized (OVEX) female rats. In addition, the effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG) neurotoxicity on these parameters of TH regulation were evaluated. Neonatal rats were injected with MSG (4 mg/g body weight) or 10% sodium chloride (controls) on alternate days for the first 10 days of life. Females were ovariectomized on day 45 of age, and all rats were used between 60 and 80 days of age. The TH mRNA signal levels, as assessed by an in situ hybridization technique, were 2-fold higher in control females than in control males, whereas the number of TH mRNA-containing cells was similar between sexes. The TH immunostainings of the TIDA perikarya in the arcuate nucleus and of the nerve terminals in the median eminence were qualitatively more intense in females than males. The catalytic activity of TH, as determined by in vitro DOPA accumulation in the stalk-median eminence, was 3-fold greater in females than males. Neonatal MSG-treatment resulted in a marked reduction in the number of TH mRNA-containing cells and TH-immunopositive cells in the arcuate nucleus of both sexes, as well as a decrease in the intensity of TH immunostaining in the median eminence. The cellular mRNA signal levels for TH were markedly reduced in females after MSG treatment, but were unchanged in males. MSG treatment reduced TH activity to 20% of control levels in females, but did not alter enzyme activity in males.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1980722

Citation

Arbogast, L A., and J L. Voogt. "Sex-related Alterations in Hypothalamic Tyrosine Hydroxylase After Neonatal Monosodium Glutamate Treatment." Neuroendocrinology, vol. 52, no. 5, 1990, pp. 460-7.
Arbogast LA, Voogt JL. Sex-related alterations in hypothalamic tyrosine hydroxylase after neonatal monosodium glutamate treatment. Neuroendocrinology. 1990;52(5):460-7.
Arbogast, L. A., & Voogt, J. L. (1990). Sex-related alterations in hypothalamic tyrosine hydroxylase after neonatal monosodium glutamate treatment. Neuroendocrinology, 52(5), 460-7.
Arbogast LA, Voogt JL. Sex-related Alterations in Hypothalamic Tyrosine Hydroxylase After Neonatal Monosodium Glutamate Treatment. Neuroendocrinology. 1990;52(5):460-7. PubMed PMID: 1980722.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sex-related alterations in hypothalamic tyrosine hydroxylase after neonatal monosodium glutamate treatment. AU - Arbogast,L A, AU - Voogt,J L, PY - 1990/11/1/pubmed PY - 1990/11/1/medline PY - 1990/11/1/entrez SP - 460 EP - 7 JF - Neuroendocrinology JO - Neuroendocrinology VL - 52 IS - 5 N2 - This study compared tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA signal levels, relative quantity of TH protein, and the catalytic activity of TH in the tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neurons (TIDA) of male and ovariectomized (OVEX) female rats. In addition, the effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG) neurotoxicity on these parameters of TH regulation were evaluated. Neonatal rats were injected with MSG (4 mg/g body weight) or 10% sodium chloride (controls) on alternate days for the first 10 days of life. Females were ovariectomized on day 45 of age, and all rats were used between 60 and 80 days of age. The TH mRNA signal levels, as assessed by an in situ hybridization technique, were 2-fold higher in control females than in control males, whereas the number of TH mRNA-containing cells was similar between sexes. The TH immunostainings of the TIDA perikarya in the arcuate nucleus and of the nerve terminals in the median eminence were qualitatively more intense in females than males. The catalytic activity of TH, as determined by in vitro DOPA accumulation in the stalk-median eminence, was 3-fold greater in females than males. Neonatal MSG-treatment resulted in a marked reduction in the number of TH mRNA-containing cells and TH-immunopositive cells in the arcuate nucleus of both sexes, as well as a decrease in the intensity of TH immunostaining in the median eminence. The cellular mRNA signal levels for TH were markedly reduced in females after MSG treatment, but were unchanged in males. MSG treatment reduced TH activity to 20% of control levels in females, but did not alter enzyme activity in males.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0028-3835 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1980722/Sex_related_alterations_in_hypothalamic_tyrosine_hydroxylase_after_neonatal_monosodium_glutamate_treatment_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000125629 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -