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Day of admission and clinical outcomes for patients hospitalized for heart failure: findings from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF).
Circ Heart Fail. 2008 May; 1(1):50-7.CH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Differences in hospital staffing may influence outcomes for patients with acute conditions, including heart failure (HF), depending on which day of the week the patients are admitted. This study examined the relationship between the day of the week patients are hospitalized for HF and death rate, length of stay (LOS), and rehospitalization rate.

METHODS AND RESULTS

A total of 259 US hospitals participating in the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF) submitted data on 48 612 patients with HF. Sixty- to 90-day postdischarge follow-up data were collected prospectively in a prespecified 10% sample. We analyzed day of admission and discharge, demographic, medical history, medication use, laboratory, and in-hospital procedure data for their association with hospital LOS and death rate. Patient characteristics were similar for weekday and weekend presentation. LOS was a median of 4.0 days and a mean of 5.7+/-5.7 days; in-hospital death rate was 3.8%. In-hospital and postdischarge risk of death were similar for each day of the week in the hospital and follow-up cohorts, respectively. LOS, however, was significantly influenced by day of admission, even after adjustment for other LOS risk factors. The shortest LOS by admission day of the week was Tuesday (5.39 days), and the longest was Friday (5.88 days; P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

No differences in death rate by day of admission or discharge for HF hospitalizations were evident. Hospitalizations for HF on Thursday and Friday were associated with prolonged LOS. Understanding the factors responsible for the increased LOS and potential adjustments in staffing to facilitate weekend discharges may improve the efficiency of HF hospital care.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1679, USA. gfonarow@mednet.ucla.edNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19808270

Citation

Fonarow, Gregg C., et al. "Day of Admission and Clinical Outcomes for Patients Hospitalized for Heart Failure: Findings From the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF)." Circulation. Heart Failure, vol. 1, no. 1, 2008, pp. 50-7.
Fonarow GC, Abraham WT, Albert NM, et al. Day of admission and clinical outcomes for patients hospitalized for heart failure: findings from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF). Circ Heart Fail. 2008;1(1):50-7.
Fonarow, G. C., Abraham, W. T., Albert, N. M., Stough, W. G., Gheorghiade, M., Greenberg, B. H., O'Connor, C. M., Nunez, E., Yancy, C. W., & Young, J. B. (2008). Day of admission and clinical outcomes for patients hospitalized for heart failure: findings from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF). Circulation. Heart Failure, 1(1), 50-7. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.107.748376
Fonarow GC, et al. Day of Admission and Clinical Outcomes for Patients Hospitalized for Heart Failure: Findings From the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF). Circ Heart Fail. 2008;1(1):50-7. PubMed PMID: 19808270.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Day of admission and clinical outcomes for patients hospitalized for heart failure: findings from the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF). AU - Fonarow,Gregg C, AU - Abraham,William T, AU - Albert,Nancy M, AU - Stough,Wendy Gattis, AU - Gheorghiade,Mihai, AU - Greenberg,Barry H, AU - O'Connor,Christopher M, AU - Nunez,Eduardo, AU - Yancy,Clyde W, AU - Young,James B, PY - 2009/10/8/entrez PY - 2008/5/1/pubmed PY - 2009/11/11/medline SP - 50 EP - 7 JF - Circulation. Heart failure JO - Circ Heart Fail VL - 1 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Differences in hospital staffing may influence outcomes for patients with acute conditions, including heart failure (HF), depending on which day of the week the patients are admitted. This study examined the relationship between the day of the week patients are hospitalized for HF and death rate, length of stay (LOS), and rehospitalization rate. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 259 US hospitals participating in the Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF) submitted data on 48 612 patients with HF. Sixty- to 90-day postdischarge follow-up data were collected prospectively in a prespecified 10% sample. We analyzed day of admission and discharge, demographic, medical history, medication use, laboratory, and in-hospital procedure data for their association with hospital LOS and death rate. Patient characteristics were similar for weekday and weekend presentation. LOS was a median of 4.0 days and a mean of 5.7+/-5.7 days; in-hospital death rate was 3.8%. In-hospital and postdischarge risk of death were similar for each day of the week in the hospital and follow-up cohorts, respectively. LOS, however, was significantly influenced by day of admission, even after adjustment for other LOS risk factors. The shortest LOS by admission day of the week was Tuesday (5.39 days), and the longest was Friday (5.88 days; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: No differences in death rate by day of admission or discharge for HF hospitalizations were evident. Hospitalizations for HF on Thursday and Friday were associated with prolonged LOS. Understanding the factors responsible for the increased LOS and potential adjustments in staffing to facilitate weekend discharges may improve the efficiency of HF hospital care. SN - 1941-3297 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19808270/Day_of_admission_and_clinical_outcomes_for_patients_hospitalized_for_heart_failure:_findings_from_the_Organized_Program_to_Initiate_Lifesaving_Treatment_in_Hospitalized_Patients_With_Heart_Failure__OPTIMIZE_HF__ L2 - http://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.107.748376?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -