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A comparison of successful and unsuccessful attempts in maximal bench pressing.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Nov; 41(11):2056-63.MS

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study was designed to compare the differences in EMG and kinematics between successful and unsuccessful attempts in bench pressing at one repetition maximum (1RM) in recreational weight-trained subjects. We hypothesized that failure occurs during the sticking period (the period during which there is a temporary reduction in movement velocity).

METHODS

Eleven male subjects (age = 21.9 +/- 1.8 yr, mass = 80.0 +/- 11.2 kg, height = 1.79 +/- 0.08 m) with at least 1 yr of bench press training experience participated in this study. They performed attempts at 1RM and 1RM + 2.5 kg in bench press during which kinematics and muscle activity were recorded. One successful attempt and one unsuccessful attempt were used for further analysis.

RESULTS

Both attempts showed the same sticking period, but only half of the failures occurred during that period. The main differences in the kinematics occurred during the sticking period. Muscle activity, in contrast, showed the same pattern in both attempts and only differed during the downward and the start of the upward movement of the lift.

CONCLUSIONS

The sticking period occurs in both successful and unsuccessful attempts in maximal bench press. However, failure does not always occur during the sticking period.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Teacher Education and Sports, Sogn and Fjordane University College, Sogndal, Norway. info@movementimprovement.noNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19812510

Citation

van den Tillaar, Roland, and Gertjan Ettema. "A Comparison of Successful and Unsuccessful Attempts in Maximal Bench Pressing." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 41, no. 11, 2009, pp. 2056-63.
van den Tillaar R, Ettema G. A comparison of successful and unsuccessful attempts in maximal bench pressing. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41(11):2056-63.
van den Tillaar, R., & Ettema, G. (2009). A comparison of successful and unsuccessful attempts in maximal bench pressing. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(11), 2056-63. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a8c360
van den Tillaar R, Ettema G. A Comparison of Successful and Unsuccessful Attempts in Maximal Bench Pressing. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41(11):2056-63. PubMed PMID: 19812510.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of successful and unsuccessful attempts in maximal bench pressing. AU - van den Tillaar,Roland, AU - Ettema,Gertjan, PY - 2009/10/9/entrez PY - 2009/10/9/pubmed PY - 2010/3/26/medline SP - 2056 EP - 63 JF - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JO - Med Sci Sports Exerc VL - 41 IS - 11 N2 - PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the differences in EMG and kinematics between successful and unsuccessful attempts in bench pressing at one repetition maximum (1RM) in recreational weight-trained subjects. We hypothesized that failure occurs during the sticking period (the period during which there is a temporary reduction in movement velocity). METHODS: Eleven male subjects (age = 21.9 +/- 1.8 yr, mass = 80.0 +/- 11.2 kg, height = 1.79 +/- 0.08 m) with at least 1 yr of bench press training experience participated in this study. They performed attempts at 1RM and 1RM + 2.5 kg in bench press during which kinematics and muscle activity were recorded. One successful attempt and one unsuccessful attempt were used for further analysis. RESULTS: Both attempts showed the same sticking period, but only half of the failures occurred during that period. The main differences in the kinematics occurred during the sticking period. Muscle activity, in contrast, showed the same pattern in both attempts and only differed during the downward and the start of the upward movement of the lift. CONCLUSIONS: The sticking period occurs in both successful and unsuccessful attempts in maximal bench press. However, failure does not always occur during the sticking period. SN - 1530-0315 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19812510/A_comparison_of_successful_and_unsuccessful_attempts_in_maximal_bench_pressing_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -