Frequency and predictors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in myotonic dystrophy.Muscle Nerve 2010; 41(2):197-201MN
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease that is strongly associated with insulin resistance. Myotonic dystrophy (DM1) is the most common form of adult-onset muscular dystrophy, and there is a high frequency of insulin resistance due to insulin receptor mRNA splicing defects in muscle tissue. The frequency and predictors of NAFLD in this population have not been described. Thirty-six patients with DM1 were prospectively assessed for the presence of NAFLD and insulin resistance. NAFLD was defined by abnormal liver chemistry tests with ultrasound or pathologic evidence of steatosis in the absence of other liver disease. Abnormal liver chemistry tests were found in 44% of DM1 patients (mean ALT 73 +/- 21 U/L, AST 53 +/- 15 U/L), and 87% were attributable to NAFLD. Clinical predictors of NAFLD included increased insulin resistance by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) method (9.5 vs. 4.0 U, P = 0.03), elevated fasting insulin (40.4 vs. 16.1 microIU/ml, P = 0.03), abdominal obesity (98.6 vs. 90.8 cm, P = 0.03), elevated triglycerides (195.7 vs. 136.8 mg/dl, P = 0.02), and elevated total cholesterol (213.6 vs. 180.6 mg/dl, P = 0.02). NAFLD is very common and should be considered in the management of DM1. It is strongly associated with markers of insulin resistance and features of the metabolic syndrome. These findings support the role of peripheral insulin resistance in the pathogenesis of NAFLD.