Kinetic and kinematic differences between squats performed with and without elastic bands.J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Jan; 24(1):190-4.JS
The purpose of this investigation was to compare kinetic and kinematic variables between squats performed with and without elastic bands equalized for total work. Ten recreationally weight trained males completed 1 set of 5 squats without (Wht) and with (Band) elastic bands as resistance. Squats were completed while standing on a force platform with bar displacement measured using 2 potentiometers. Electromyography (EMG) was obtained from the vastus lateralis. Average force-time, velocity-time, power-time, and EMG-time graphs were generated and statistically analyzed for mean differences in values between the 2 conditions during the eccentric and concentric phases. The Band condition resulted in significantly higher forces in comparison to the Wht condition during the first 25% of the eccentric phase and the last 10% of the concentric phase (p < or = 0.05). However, the Wht condition resulted in significantly higher forces during the last 5% of the eccentric phase and the first 5% of the concentric phase in comparison to the Band condition. The Band condition resulted in significantly higher power and velocity values during the first portion of the eccentric phase and the latter portion of the concentric phase. Vastus lateralis muscle activity during the Band condition was significantly greater during the first portion of the eccentric phase and latter portion of the concentric phase as well. This investigation indicates that squats equalized for total work with and without elastic bands significantly alter the force-time, power-time, velocity-time, and EMG-time curves associated with the movements. Specifically, elastic bands seem to increase force, power, and muscle activity during the early portions of the eccentric phase and latter portions of the concentric phase.