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Effect of genotype, environment, and their interaction on chemical composition and antioxidant properties of low-linolenic soybeans grown in Maryland.
J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Nov 11; 57(21):10163-74.JA

Abstract

Eight soybean genotypes grown in three environments in Maryland were analyzed for total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant capacity, isoflavone composition, lutein, tocopherols, fatty acid composition, and oil content. Fatty acid composition, isoflavones, lutein, tocopherols, and specific antioxidant assays had significant variation by genotype (G) (P < 0.05). Environment (E) had a significant effect on fatty acids, lutein, individual tocopherols, oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and the isoflavone glycitein (P < 0.05). In addition, the interaction between genotype and environment (G x E) showed a significant effect on antioxidant capacity, isoflavones, lutein, tocopherols, and fatty acids (P < 0.05). Factorial designed analysis of variance of all data indicated that G had a larger effect than E on the majority of fatty acids, total isoflavones, lutein, and total tocopherols. E had a larger effect than G on stearic acid (18:0), glycitein, delta-tocopherol, and ORAC. The results of this study show that the genotype, growing environment, and their interactions in Maryland-grown soybeans may alter the levels of specific health-enhancing properties.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19817459

Citation

Whent, Monica, et al. "Effect of Genotype, Environment, and Their Interaction On Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Low-linolenic Soybeans Grown in Maryland." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 57, no. 21, 2009, pp. 10163-74.
Whent M, Hao J, Slavin M, et al. Effect of genotype, environment, and their interaction on chemical composition and antioxidant properties of low-linolenic soybeans grown in Maryland. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57(21):10163-74.
Whent, M., Hao, J., Slavin, M., Zhou, M., Song, J., Kenworthy, W., & Yu, L. L. (2009). Effect of genotype, environment, and their interaction on chemical composition and antioxidant properties of low-linolenic soybeans grown in Maryland. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57(21), 10163-74. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf902344h
Whent M, et al. Effect of Genotype, Environment, and Their Interaction On Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Low-linolenic Soybeans Grown in Maryland. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Nov 11;57(21):10163-74. PubMed PMID: 19817459.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of genotype, environment, and their interaction on chemical composition and antioxidant properties of low-linolenic soybeans grown in Maryland. AU - Whent,Monica, AU - Hao,Junjie, AU - Slavin,Margaret, AU - Zhou,Martin, AU - Song,Jiuzhou, AU - Kenworthy,William, AU - Yu,Liangli Lucy, PY - 2009/10/13/entrez PY - 2009/10/13/pubmed PY - 2010/2/18/medline SP - 10163 EP - 74 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 57 IS - 21 N2 - Eight soybean genotypes grown in three environments in Maryland were analyzed for total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant capacity, isoflavone composition, lutein, tocopherols, fatty acid composition, and oil content. Fatty acid composition, isoflavones, lutein, tocopherols, and specific antioxidant assays had significant variation by genotype (G) (P < 0.05). Environment (E) had a significant effect on fatty acids, lutein, individual tocopherols, oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and the isoflavone glycitein (P < 0.05). In addition, the interaction between genotype and environment (G x E) showed a significant effect on antioxidant capacity, isoflavones, lutein, tocopherols, and fatty acids (P < 0.05). Factorial designed analysis of variance of all data indicated that G had a larger effect than E on the majority of fatty acids, total isoflavones, lutein, and total tocopherols. E had a larger effect than G on stearic acid (18:0), glycitein, delta-tocopherol, and ORAC. The results of this study show that the genotype, growing environment, and their interactions in Maryland-grown soybeans may alter the levels of specific health-enhancing properties. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19817459/Effect_of_genotype_environment_and_their_interaction_on_chemical_composition_and_antioxidant_properties_of_low_linolenic_soybeans_grown_in_Maryland_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/jf902344h DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -