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Predicting soccer matches after unconscious and conscious thought as a function of expertise.
Psychol Sci 2009; 20(11):1381-7PS

Abstract

In two experiments, we investigated the effects of expertise and mode of thought on the accuracy of people's predictions. Both experts and nonexperts predicted the results of soccer matches after conscious thought, after unconscious thought, or immediately. In Experiment 1, experts who thought unconsciously outperformed participants in all other conditions. Whereas unconscious thinkers showed a correlation between expertise and accuracy of prediction, no such relation was observed for conscious thinkers or for immediate decision makers. In Experiment 2, this general pattern was replicated. In addition, experts who thought unconsciously were better at applying diagnostic information than experts who thought consciously or who decided immediately. The results are consistent with unconscious-thought theory.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Behavioral Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. a.dijksterhuis@psych.ru.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19818044

Citation

Dijksterhuis, Ap, et al. "Predicting Soccer Matches After Unconscious and Conscious Thought as a Function of Expertise." Psychological Science, vol. 20, no. 11, 2009, pp. 1381-7.
Dijksterhuis A, Bos MW, van der Leij A, et al. Predicting soccer matches after unconscious and conscious thought as a function of expertise. Psychol Sci. 2009;20(11):1381-7.
Dijksterhuis, A., Bos, M. W., van der Leij, A., & van Baaren, R. B. (2009). Predicting soccer matches after unconscious and conscious thought as a function of expertise. Psychological Science, 20(11), pp. 1381-7. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02451.x.
Dijksterhuis A, et al. Predicting Soccer Matches After Unconscious and Conscious Thought as a Function of Expertise. Psychol Sci. 2009;20(11):1381-7. PubMed PMID: 19818044.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predicting soccer matches after unconscious and conscious thought as a function of expertise. AU - Dijksterhuis,Ap, AU - Bos,Maarten W, AU - van der Leij,Andries, AU - van Baaren,Rick B, Y1 - 2009/10/08/ PY - 2009/10/13/entrez PY - 2009/10/13/pubmed PY - 2010/9/29/medline SP - 1381 EP - 7 JF - Psychological science JO - Psychol Sci VL - 20 IS - 11 N2 - In two experiments, we investigated the effects of expertise and mode of thought on the accuracy of people's predictions. Both experts and nonexperts predicted the results of soccer matches after conscious thought, after unconscious thought, or immediately. In Experiment 1, experts who thought unconsciously outperformed participants in all other conditions. Whereas unconscious thinkers showed a correlation between expertise and accuracy of prediction, no such relation was observed for conscious thinkers or for immediate decision makers. In Experiment 2, this general pattern was replicated. In addition, experts who thought unconsciously were better at applying diagnostic information than experts who thought consciously or who decided immediately. The results are consistent with unconscious-thought theory. SN - 1467-9280 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19818044/Predicting_soccer_matches_after_unconscious_and_conscious_thought_as_a_function_of_expertise_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02451.x?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -