Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.
J Affect Disord. 2010 Jun; 123(1-3):102-7.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Little is known about variables associated with suicidality in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF).

METHODS

A total of 272 OEF/OIF veterans completed a survey containing measures of psychopathology, resilience, and social support. Thirty-four respondents (12.5%) reported contemplating suicide in the two weeks prior to completing the survey.

RESULTS

Suicide contemplators were more likely to screen positive for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and an alcohol problem, and scored higher on measures of psychosocial difficulties, stigma, and barriers to care, and lower on measures of resilience and social support. Logistic regression analysis revealed that positive PTSD and depression screens, and increased psychosocial difficulties were associated with suicidal ideation, and that increased postdeployment social support and sense of purpose and control were negatively associated with suicidal ideation.

CONCLUSIONS

Interventions for PTSD, depression, and psychosocial difficulties, and to bolster postdeployment social support and resilience may be helpful in preventing suicidal ideation in OEF/OIF veterans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA. robert.pietrzak@yale.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19819559

Citation

Pietrzak, Robert H., et al. "Risk and Protective Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 123, no. 1-3, 2010, pp. 102-7.
Pietrzak RH, Goldstein MB, Malley JC, et al. Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. J Affect Disord. 2010;123(1-3):102-7.
Pietrzak, R. H., Goldstein, M. B., Malley, J. C., Rivers, A. J., Johnson, D. C., & Southwick, S. M. (2010). Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Journal of Affective Disorders, 123(1-3), 102-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2009.08.001
Pietrzak RH, et al. Risk and Protective Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation in Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. J Affect Disord. 2010;123(1-3):102-7. PubMed PMID: 19819559.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. AU - Pietrzak,Robert H, AU - Goldstein,Marc B, AU - Malley,James C, AU - Rivers,Alison J, AU - Johnson,Douglas C, AU - Southwick,Steven M, Y1 - 2009/10/12/ PY - 2009/04/14/received PY - 2009/08/01/revised PY - 2009/08/03/accepted PY - 2009/10/13/entrez PY - 2009/10/13/pubmed PY - 2010/7/27/medline SP - 102 EP - 7 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 123 IS - 1-3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Little is known about variables associated with suicidality in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF). METHODS: A total of 272 OEF/OIF veterans completed a survey containing measures of psychopathology, resilience, and social support. Thirty-four respondents (12.5%) reported contemplating suicide in the two weeks prior to completing the survey. RESULTS: Suicide contemplators were more likely to screen positive for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and an alcohol problem, and scored higher on measures of psychosocial difficulties, stigma, and barriers to care, and lower on measures of resilience and social support. Logistic regression analysis revealed that positive PTSD and depression screens, and increased psychosocial difficulties were associated with suicidal ideation, and that increased postdeployment social support and sense of purpose and control were negatively associated with suicidal ideation. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions for PTSD, depression, and psychosocial difficulties, and to bolster postdeployment social support and resilience may be helpful in preventing suicidal ideation in OEF/OIF veterans. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19819559/Risk_and_protective_factors_associated_with_suicidal_ideation_in_veterans_of_Operations_Enduring_Freedom_and_Iraqi_Freedom_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(09)00346-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -