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Deliberate self-harm and suicide in adolescents.
Keio J Med 2009; 58(3):144-51KJ

Abstract

Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a widespread yet often hidden problem in adolescents and young adults. Though most DSH can be classified as "non-suicidal self-cutting", some do go on to commit suicide. In this paper, deliberate self-harm is examined, including its prevalence, etiology, management, and future research directions using self-cutting and self-burning as examples. This article reviews recent literature to help understand what is known about self-cutting behavior and its potential relationship to suicide as well as provide direction for research. Research shows that different ecological factors at the individual, family, peer, and societal levels are related to deliberate self-harm. Although there is an association between some self-injurers and drug abuse (including alcohol abuse) as well as eating disorders, there are various subgroups of self-cutters and most are not at high risk for suicide. However, all acts of self-injury should be taken seriously by health care professionals and comprehensive therapy offered to any adolescent with a history of DSH. Future research directions on deliberate self-harm are also discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pediatrics & Human Development, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Michigan, USA. Greydanus@kcms.msu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19826208

Citation

Greydanus, Donald E., and Daniel Shek. "Deliberate Self-harm and Suicide in Adolescents." The Keio Journal of Medicine, vol. 58, no. 3, 2009, pp. 144-51.
Greydanus DE, Shek D. Deliberate self-harm and suicide in adolescents. Keio J Med. 2009;58(3):144-51.
Greydanus, D. E., & Shek, D. (2009). Deliberate self-harm and suicide in adolescents. The Keio Journal of Medicine, 58(3), pp. 144-51.
Greydanus DE, Shek D. Deliberate Self-harm and Suicide in Adolescents. Keio J Med. 2009;58(3):144-51. PubMed PMID: 19826208.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Deliberate self-harm and suicide in adolescents. AU - Greydanus,Donald E, AU - Shek,Daniel, PY - 2009/10/15/entrez PY - 2009/10/15/pubmed PY - 2009/12/18/medline SP - 144 EP - 51 JF - The Keio journal of medicine JO - Keio J Med VL - 58 IS - 3 N2 - Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a widespread yet often hidden problem in adolescents and young adults. Though most DSH can be classified as "non-suicidal self-cutting", some do go on to commit suicide. In this paper, deliberate self-harm is examined, including its prevalence, etiology, management, and future research directions using self-cutting and self-burning as examples. This article reviews recent literature to help understand what is known about self-cutting behavior and its potential relationship to suicide as well as provide direction for research. Research shows that different ecological factors at the individual, family, peer, and societal levels are related to deliberate self-harm. Although there is an association between some self-injurers and drug abuse (including alcohol abuse) as well as eating disorders, there are various subgroups of self-cutters and most are not at high risk for suicide. However, all acts of self-injury should be taken seriously by health care professionals and comprehensive therapy offered to any adolescent with a history of DSH. Future research directions on deliberate self-harm are also discussed. SN - 1880-1293 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19826208/Deliberate_self_harm_and_suicide_in_adolescents_ L2 - https://japanlinkcenter.org/JST.JSTAGE/kjm/58.144?from=PubMed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -