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Influence of personality on objective and subjective social support among patients with major depressive disorder: a prospective study.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009 Oct; 197(10):728-35.JN

Abstract

Personality and social support (SS) influence risk for depression and modify its outcome through multiple pathways. The impact of personality dimensions neuroticism and extraversion on SS among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) has been little studied. In the Vantaa Depression Study, we assessed neuroticism and extraversion with the Eysenck Personality Inventory, objective SS with the Interview Measure of Social Relationships, and subjective SS with the Perceived Social Support Scale-Revised at baseline, at 6 and 18 months among 193 major depressive disorder patients diagnosed according to the fourth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DMS-IV). At all time-points, low neuroticism and high extraversion associated significantly with between-subject differences in levels of objective and subjective SS. Lower neuroticism (beta = 0.213, p = 0.003) and higher extraversion (beta = 0.159, p = 0.038) predicted greater within-subject change of subjective, but not objective SS. Thus, neuroticism and extraversion associated with the size of objective and subjective SS and predicted change of subjective SS. Modification of subjective SS, particularly, may indirectly influence future vulnerability to depression.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19829200

Citation

Leskelä, Ulla, et al. "Influence of Personality On Objective and Subjective Social Support Among Patients With Major Depressive Disorder: a Prospective Study." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 197, no. 10, 2009, pp. 728-35.
Leskelä U, Melartin T, Rytsälä H, et al. Influence of personality on objective and subjective social support among patients with major depressive disorder: a prospective study. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009;197(10):728-35.
Leskelä, U., Melartin, T., Rytsälä, H., Jylhä, P., Sokero, P., Lestelä-Mielonen, P., & Isometsä, E. (2009). Influence of personality on objective and subjective social support among patients with major depressive disorder: a prospective study. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197(10), 728-35. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181b97960
Leskelä U, et al. Influence of Personality On Objective and Subjective Social Support Among Patients With Major Depressive Disorder: a Prospective Study. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009;197(10):728-35. PubMed PMID: 19829200.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of personality on objective and subjective social support among patients with major depressive disorder: a prospective study. AU - Leskelä,Ulla, AU - Melartin,Tarja, AU - Rytsälä,Heikki, AU - Jylhä,Pekka, AU - Sokero,Petteri, AU - Lestelä-Mielonen,Paula, AU - Isometsä,Erkki, PY - 2009/10/16/entrez PY - 2009/10/16/pubmed PY - 2009/10/30/medline SP - 728 EP - 35 JF - The Journal of nervous and mental disease JO - J Nerv Ment Dis VL - 197 IS - 10 N2 - Personality and social support (SS) influence risk for depression and modify its outcome through multiple pathways. The impact of personality dimensions neuroticism and extraversion on SS among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) has been little studied. In the Vantaa Depression Study, we assessed neuroticism and extraversion with the Eysenck Personality Inventory, objective SS with the Interview Measure of Social Relationships, and subjective SS with the Perceived Social Support Scale-Revised at baseline, at 6 and 18 months among 193 major depressive disorder patients diagnosed according to the fourth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DMS-IV). At all time-points, low neuroticism and high extraversion associated significantly with between-subject differences in levels of objective and subjective SS. Lower neuroticism (beta = 0.213, p = 0.003) and higher extraversion (beta = 0.159, p = 0.038) predicted greater within-subject change of subjective, but not objective SS. Thus, neuroticism and extraversion associated with the size of objective and subjective SS and predicted change of subjective SS. Modification of subjective SS, particularly, may indirectly influence future vulnerability to depression. SN - 1539-736X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19829200/Influence_of_personality_on_objective_and_subjective_social_support_among_patients_with_major_depressive_disorder:_a_prospective_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181b97960 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -