Evaluation of dural arteriovenous fistulas with 4D contrast-enhanced MR angiography at 3T.AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Jan; 31(1):80-5.AA
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
Four-dimensional contrast-enhanced MR angiography (4D-CE-MRA) at 3T may replace digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for certain diagnostic purposes in patients with intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that 4D-CE-MRA at 3T enables the same characterization of intracranial DAVFs as DSA.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The study population consisted of 18 consecutive patients with intracranial DAVFs (11 women, 7 men; age range, 35-82 years; mean age, 64.8 years). They underwent 4D-CE-MRA at 3T and DSA. The 4D-CE-MRA series combined randomly segmented central k-space ordering, keyhole imaging, sensitivity encoding, and half-Fourier imaging. We obtained 30 dynamic scans every 1.9 seconds with a spatial resolution of 1 x 1 x 1.5 mm. Two independent readers reviewed the 4D-CE-MRA images for main arterial feeders, fistula site, and venous drainage. Interobserver and intermodality agreement was assessed by kappa statistics.
At DSA, 8 fistulas were located at the transverse sigmoid sinus; 8, at the cavernous sinus; and 2, at the sinus adjacent to the foramen magnum. Interobserver agreement was fair for the main arterial feeders (kappa = 0.59), excellent for the fistula site (kappa = 0.91), and good for venous drainage (kappa = 0.86). Intermodality agreement was moderate for the main arterial feeders (kappa = 0.68) and excellent for the fistula site (kappa = 1.0) and venous drainage (kappa = 1.0).
The agreement between 4D-CE-MRA and DSA findings was good to excellent with respect to the fistula site and venous drainage.