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Child sexual abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance use: predictors of revictimization in adult sexual assault survivors.
J Child Sex Abus. 2009 Jul-Aug; 18(4):367-85.JC

Abstract

This study examined the unique effects of child sexual abuse simultaneously with post-traumatic stress disorder symptom clusters, problem drinking, and illicit drug use in relation to sexual revictimization in a community sample of female adult sexual assault victims. Participants (N=555) completed two surveys a year apart. Child sexual abuse predicted more post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in adult sexual assault victims. Posttraumatic stress disorder numbing symptoms directly predicted revictimization, whereas other post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (reexperiencing, avoidance, and arousal) were related to problem drinking, which in turn predicted revictimization. Thus, numbing symptoms and problem drinking may be independent risk factors for sexual revictimization in adult sexual assault victims, particularly for women with a history of childhood sexual abuse.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Criminology, Law, & Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1007 West Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60607-7140, USA. seullman@uic.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19842535

Citation

Ullman, Sarah E., et al. "Child Sexual Abuse, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, and Substance Use: Predictors of Revictimization in Adult Sexual Assault Survivors." Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, vol. 18, no. 4, 2009, pp. 367-85.
Ullman SE, Najdowski CJ, Filipas HH. Child sexual abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance use: predictors of revictimization in adult sexual assault survivors. J Child Sex Abus. 2009;18(4):367-85.
Ullman, S. E., Najdowski, C. J., & Filipas, H. H. (2009). Child sexual abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance use: predictors of revictimization in adult sexual assault survivors. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 18(4), 367-85. https://doi.org/10.1080/10538710903035263
Ullman SE, Najdowski CJ, Filipas HH. Child Sexual Abuse, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, and Substance Use: Predictors of Revictimization in Adult Sexual Assault Survivors. J Child Sex Abus. 2009 Jul-Aug;18(4):367-85. PubMed PMID: 19842535.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Child sexual abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance use: predictors of revictimization in adult sexual assault survivors. AU - Ullman,Sarah E, AU - Najdowski,Cynthia J, AU - Filipas,Henrietta H, PY - 2009/10/22/entrez PY - 2009/10/22/pubmed PY - 2009/11/13/medline SP - 367 EP - 85 JF - Journal of child sexual abuse JO - J Child Sex Abus VL - 18 IS - 4 N2 - This study examined the unique effects of child sexual abuse simultaneously with post-traumatic stress disorder symptom clusters, problem drinking, and illicit drug use in relation to sexual revictimization in a community sample of female adult sexual assault victims. Participants (N=555) completed two surveys a year apart. Child sexual abuse predicted more post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in adult sexual assault victims. Posttraumatic stress disorder numbing symptoms directly predicted revictimization, whereas other post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (reexperiencing, avoidance, and arousal) were related to problem drinking, which in turn predicted revictimization. Thus, numbing symptoms and problem drinking may be independent risk factors for sexual revictimization in adult sexual assault victims, particularly for women with a history of childhood sexual abuse. SN - 1053-8712 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19842535/Child_sexual_abuse_post_traumatic_stress_disorder_and_substance_use:_predictors_of_revictimization_in_adult_sexual_assault_survivors_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10538710903035263 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -