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A single-dose, three-period, six-sequence crossover study comparing the bioavailability of solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablets of magnesium valproate in healthy Mexican volunteers under fasting conditions.
Clin Ther. 2009 Sep; 31(9):2002-11.CT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Valproic acid has been associated with a highly variable intersubject absorptive phase; therefore, magnesium salt (magnesium valproate [MgV]) was developed to diminish variation during enteric absorption.

OBJECTIVES

The aims of this study were to assess the pharmacokinetics of single oral doses of MgV 500-mg solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablets in a healthy Mexican population, and to compare formulation-related differences.

METHODS

This was a randomized, single-dose, 3-period, 6-sequence crossover study in healthy Mexican volunteers aged 18 to 45 years. In each period, subjects received single oral doses of 500-mg MgV solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablet formulations, with a 7-day washout period between each dosing period. Serial blood samples were collected at 0 hour (prior to MgV administration) and at 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after dosing. Valproate was measured by a new method of ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Pharmacokinetic parameters of interest were C(max), T(max), AUC(0-72), AUC(0-infinity), t(1/2), V(d)/F, CL/F, and mean residence time (MRT). Formulation-related differences were assayed in accordance with the Mexican regulatory bioequivalence criteria. Log-transformed values of C(max) and AUC were used to construct a classic 90% CI. Bioequivalence was established if the 90% CI for the mean test:reference ratio of log-transformed C(max) and AUC were within the range of 0.80 to 1.25. Tolerability was assessed based on subject interview, vital sign monitoring, and clinical assessment.

RESULTS

A total of 24 healthy volunteers (12 women and 12 men; mean [SD] age, 28.79 [6.5] years; height, 164 [9.8] cm; weight, 65.42 [8.95] kg; and body mass index, 24.28 [2.11] kg/m(2)) were included. For the MgV solution, the mean (SD) pharmacokinetic parameters of C(max), T(max), AUC(0-72), AUC(0-infinity), t(1/2), V(d)/F, CL/F, and MRT were 59.75 (8.24) microg/mL, 0.542 (0.14) hours, 1099.67 (241.70) microg h/mL, 1156.30 (264.01) microg h/mL, 16.19 (2.36) hours, 9633.68 (1892.70) mL, 418.35 (92.01) mL/h, and 18.36 (1.44) hours, respectively. For the MgV suspension, the mean (SD) pharmacokinetic parameters of C(max), T(max), AUC(0-72), AUC(0-infinity), t(1/2), V(d)/F, CL/F, and MRT were 55.04 (7.72) microg/mL, 0.773 (0.51) hour, 1057.76 (223.37) microg h/mL, 1111.09 (245.07) microg h/mL, 16.32 (2.20) hours, 1069.05 (1775.64) mL, 435.43 (99.59) mL/h, and 18.41 (1.43) hours, respectively. For the MgV enteric-coated tablets, the mean (SD) pharmacokinetic parameters of C(max), T(max), AUC(0-72), AUC(0-infinity), t(1/2), V(d)/F, CL/F, and MRT were 54.88 (6.73) microg/mL, 2.79 (0.89) hours, 1100.79 (216.70) microg h/mL, 1163.61 (238.36) microg h/mL, 16.48 (2.10) hours, 9675.15 (1659.36) mL, 412.36 (85.24) mL/h, and 19.95 (1.53) hours, respectively. The 90% CIs for the tablets:solution ratio were 82.15 to 95.44, 94.60 to 105.39, and 95.43 to 105.95 for C(max), AUC(0-72), and AUC(0-infinity), respectively. The 90% CIs for the suspension:solution ratio were 84.79 to 98.50, 88.89 to 99.02, and 89.15 to 98.97, respectively. The 90% CIs for the tablets:suspension ratio were 89.90 to 104.43, 100.84 to 112.34, and 101.60 to 112.80, respectively.

CONCLUSION

This single-dose study found that the 3 formulations (solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablets) of MgV met the regulatory criteria for bioequivalence in these healthy, fasting, Mexican volunteers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinical Pharmacology Research Center, Hospital General de México, Mexico City, Mexico. gabmarcelin@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19843490

Citation

Marcelín-Jiménez, Gabriel, et al. "A Single-dose, Three-period, Six-sequence Crossover Study Comparing the Bioavailability of Solution, Suspension, and Enteric-coated Tablets of Magnesium Valproate in Healthy Mexican Volunteers Under Fasting Conditions." Clinical Therapeutics, vol. 31, no. 9, 2009, pp. 2002-11.
Marcelín-Jiménez G, Angeles-Moreno AP, Contreras-Zavala L, et al. A single-dose, three-period, six-sequence crossover study comparing the bioavailability of solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablets of magnesium valproate in healthy Mexican volunteers under fasting conditions. Clin Ther. 2009;31(9):2002-11.
Marcelín-Jiménez, G., Angeles-Moreno, A. P., Contreras-Zavala, L., Morales-Martínez, M., & Rivera-Espinosa, L. (2009). A single-dose, three-period, six-sequence crossover study comparing the bioavailability of solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablets of magnesium valproate in healthy Mexican volunteers under fasting conditions. Clinical Therapeutics, 31(9), 2002-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2009.09.016
Marcelín-Jiménez G, et al. A Single-dose, Three-period, Six-sequence Crossover Study Comparing the Bioavailability of Solution, Suspension, and Enteric-coated Tablets of Magnesium Valproate in Healthy Mexican Volunteers Under Fasting Conditions. Clin Ther. 2009;31(9):2002-11. PubMed PMID: 19843490.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A single-dose, three-period, six-sequence crossover study comparing the bioavailability of solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablets of magnesium valproate in healthy Mexican volunteers under fasting conditions. AU - Marcelín-Jiménez,Gabriel, AU - Angeles-Moreno,Alionka P, AU - Contreras-Zavala,Leticia, AU - Morales-Martínez,Miriam, AU - Rivera-Espinosa,Liliana, PY - 2009/08/13/accepted PY - 2009/10/22/entrez PY - 2009/10/22/pubmed PY - 2010/1/19/medline SP - 2002 EP - 11 JF - Clinical therapeutics JO - Clin Ther VL - 31 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: Valproic acid has been associated with a highly variable intersubject absorptive phase; therefore, magnesium salt (magnesium valproate [MgV]) was developed to diminish variation during enteric absorption. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the pharmacokinetics of single oral doses of MgV 500-mg solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablets in a healthy Mexican population, and to compare formulation-related differences. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-dose, 3-period, 6-sequence crossover study in healthy Mexican volunteers aged 18 to 45 years. In each period, subjects received single oral doses of 500-mg MgV solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablet formulations, with a 7-day washout period between each dosing period. Serial blood samples were collected at 0 hour (prior to MgV administration) and at 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after dosing. Valproate was measured by a new method of ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Pharmacokinetic parameters of interest were C(max), T(max), AUC(0-72), AUC(0-infinity), t(1/2), V(d)/F, CL/F, and mean residence time (MRT). Formulation-related differences were assayed in accordance with the Mexican regulatory bioequivalence criteria. Log-transformed values of C(max) and AUC were used to construct a classic 90% CI. Bioequivalence was established if the 90% CI for the mean test:reference ratio of log-transformed C(max) and AUC were within the range of 0.80 to 1.25. Tolerability was assessed based on subject interview, vital sign monitoring, and clinical assessment. RESULTS: A total of 24 healthy volunteers (12 women and 12 men; mean [SD] age, 28.79 [6.5] years; height, 164 [9.8] cm; weight, 65.42 [8.95] kg; and body mass index, 24.28 [2.11] kg/m(2)) were included. For the MgV solution, the mean (SD) pharmacokinetic parameters of C(max), T(max), AUC(0-72), AUC(0-infinity), t(1/2), V(d)/F, CL/F, and MRT were 59.75 (8.24) microg/mL, 0.542 (0.14) hours, 1099.67 (241.70) microg h/mL, 1156.30 (264.01) microg h/mL, 16.19 (2.36) hours, 9633.68 (1892.70) mL, 418.35 (92.01) mL/h, and 18.36 (1.44) hours, respectively. For the MgV suspension, the mean (SD) pharmacokinetic parameters of C(max), T(max), AUC(0-72), AUC(0-infinity), t(1/2), V(d)/F, CL/F, and MRT were 55.04 (7.72) microg/mL, 0.773 (0.51) hour, 1057.76 (223.37) microg h/mL, 1111.09 (245.07) microg h/mL, 16.32 (2.20) hours, 1069.05 (1775.64) mL, 435.43 (99.59) mL/h, and 18.41 (1.43) hours, respectively. For the MgV enteric-coated tablets, the mean (SD) pharmacokinetic parameters of C(max), T(max), AUC(0-72), AUC(0-infinity), t(1/2), V(d)/F, CL/F, and MRT were 54.88 (6.73) microg/mL, 2.79 (0.89) hours, 1100.79 (216.70) microg h/mL, 1163.61 (238.36) microg h/mL, 16.48 (2.10) hours, 9675.15 (1659.36) mL, 412.36 (85.24) mL/h, and 19.95 (1.53) hours, respectively. The 90% CIs for the tablets:solution ratio were 82.15 to 95.44, 94.60 to 105.39, and 95.43 to 105.95 for C(max), AUC(0-72), and AUC(0-infinity), respectively. The 90% CIs for the suspension:solution ratio were 84.79 to 98.50, 88.89 to 99.02, and 89.15 to 98.97, respectively. The 90% CIs for the tablets:suspension ratio were 89.90 to 104.43, 100.84 to 112.34, and 101.60 to 112.80, respectively. CONCLUSION: This single-dose study found that the 3 formulations (solution, suspension, and enteric-coated tablets) of MgV met the regulatory criteria for bioequivalence in these healthy, fasting, Mexican volunteers. SN - 1879-114X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19843490/A_single_dose_three_period_six_sequence_crossover_study_comparing_the_bioavailability_of_solution_suspension_and_enteric_coated_tablets_of_magnesium_valproate_in_healthy_Mexican_volunteers_under_fasting_conditions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0149-2918(09)00345-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -