Development and evaluation of a reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid and high-sensitive detection of Cryptosporidium in water samples.Water Sci Technol 2009; 60(8):2167-72WS
We describe a novel assay for simple, rapid and high-sensitive detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in water samples using a reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP). The assay is based on the detection of 18S rRNA specific for Cryptosporidium oocysts. The detection limit of the developed RT-LAMP assay was as low as 6 x 10(-3) oocysts/test tube, which theoretically enables us to detect a Cryptosporidium oocyst and perform duplicated tests even if water samples contain only one oocyst. The developed RT-LAMP assay could more sensitively detect Cryptosporidium oocysts in real water samples than the conventional assay based on microscopic observation.