Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

[Self-esteem, self-centeredness and social-emotional adjustment of gifted children and adolescents].
Encephale. 2009 Oct; 35(5):417-22.E

Abstract

BACKGROUND

There is an ongoing debate of how giftedness affects social-emotional adjustment. Self-esteem may be an indicator of social-emotional adjustment but insufficient in its explanatory capacity, especially high self-esteem which tends to produce opposite responses in regards to adjustment. A distinction between defensive and genuine high self-esteem could account for these results. In order to understand how self-esteem operates on social-emotional adjustment, it should be associated with other measurements relating to self-concern. In the Rorschach comprehensive system (CS), egocentricity index measures self-centeredness, which can be defined as the balance between self-concern and concern for others. High self-concern is associated with a neglect of the others. Operationalized here, as the interaction of high self-esteem and excessive self-concern, defensive high self-esteem should predict maladaptive outcomes.

METHOD

Participants were aged from 9 to 15 years old, with an IQ greater or equal to 130 on the WISC-III. They were attending regular classes and were not in counseling or psychotherapy. Children and adolescents were administrated the Rorschach CS and the Coopersmith self-esteem inventory. Parents completed the child behaviour checklist (CBCL) which assesses general psychopathology.

RESULTS

Seventy-eight subjects' data satisfy the conditions of validity of the instruments used. Gifted boys present more behavior and emotional problems than gifted girls in this study. Self-esteem predicts social-emotional adjustment. There is an interaction between self-esteem and self-concern on psychopathology only for high values of self-esteem. Gifted with high self-esteem associated with high self-concern are more vulnerable to maladjustment than high self-esteem associated with low self-concern. Gifted children and adolescents with low self-esteem experience more problems anyhow.

CONCLUSION

These findings reinforce the view that the gifted are a diverse group in terms of social-emotional adjustment and self-esteem. Self-esteem operates as a valuable resource for the social-emotional adjustment of gifted children and adolescents but only under some conditions. Low self-esteem gifted seem to be at more risk of maladjustment, but that does not mean any causal relationship. Gifted children and adolescents with high self-esteem can be considered as a heterogeneous category. High self-esteem associated to excessive self-concern has less beneficial effects on adjustment than high self-esteem associated to low self-concern.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratoire IPSé, UFR SPSE, Université de Paris-X Nanterre, 200, avenue de la République, 92001 Nanterre, France. nkostogianni@yahoo.frNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

19853713

Citation

Kostogianni, N, and A Andronikof. "[Self-esteem, Self-centeredness and Social-emotional Adjustment of Gifted Children and Adolescents]." L'Encephale, vol. 35, no. 5, 2009, pp. 417-22.
Kostogianni N, Andronikof A. [Self-esteem, self-centeredness and social-emotional adjustment of gifted children and adolescents]. Encephale. 2009;35(5):417-22.
Kostogianni, N., & Andronikof, A. (2009). [Self-esteem, self-centeredness and social-emotional adjustment of gifted children and adolescents]. L'Encephale, 35(5), 417-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2008.10.006
Kostogianni N, Andronikof A. [Self-esteem, Self-centeredness and Social-emotional Adjustment of Gifted Children and Adolescents]. Encephale. 2009;35(5):417-22. PubMed PMID: 19853713.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Self-esteem, self-centeredness and social-emotional adjustment of gifted children and adolescents]. AU - Kostogianni,N, AU - Andronikof,A, Y1 - 2009/02/07/ PY - 2008/06/13/received PY - 2008/10/16/accepted PY - 2009/10/27/entrez PY - 2009/10/27/pubmed PY - 2010/2/2/medline SP - 417 EP - 22 JF - L'Encephale JO - Encephale VL - 35 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate of how giftedness affects social-emotional adjustment. Self-esteem may be an indicator of social-emotional adjustment but insufficient in its explanatory capacity, especially high self-esteem which tends to produce opposite responses in regards to adjustment. A distinction between defensive and genuine high self-esteem could account for these results. In order to understand how self-esteem operates on social-emotional adjustment, it should be associated with other measurements relating to self-concern. In the Rorschach comprehensive system (CS), egocentricity index measures self-centeredness, which can be defined as the balance between self-concern and concern for others. High self-concern is associated with a neglect of the others. Operationalized here, as the interaction of high self-esteem and excessive self-concern, defensive high self-esteem should predict maladaptive outcomes. METHOD: Participants were aged from 9 to 15 years old, with an IQ greater or equal to 130 on the WISC-III. They were attending regular classes and were not in counseling or psychotherapy. Children and adolescents were administrated the Rorschach CS and the Coopersmith self-esteem inventory. Parents completed the child behaviour checklist (CBCL) which assesses general psychopathology. RESULTS: Seventy-eight subjects' data satisfy the conditions of validity of the instruments used. Gifted boys present more behavior and emotional problems than gifted girls in this study. Self-esteem predicts social-emotional adjustment. There is an interaction between self-esteem and self-concern on psychopathology only for high values of self-esteem. Gifted with high self-esteem associated with high self-concern are more vulnerable to maladjustment than high self-esteem associated with low self-concern. Gifted children and adolescents with low self-esteem experience more problems anyhow. CONCLUSION: These findings reinforce the view that the gifted are a diverse group in terms of social-emotional adjustment and self-esteem. Self-esteem operates as a valuable resource for the social-emotional adjustment of gifted children and adolescents but only under some conditions. Low self-esteem gifted seem to be at more risk of maladjustment, but that does not mean any causal relationship. Gifted children and adolescents with high self-esteem can be considered as a heterogeneous category. High self-esteem associated to excessive self-concern has less beneficial effects on adjustment than high self-esteem associated to low self-concern. SN - 0013-7006 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19853713/[Self_esteem_self_centeredness_and_social_emotional_adjustment_of_gifted_children_and_adolescents]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0013-7006(08)00318-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -