Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Religious involvement and cigarette smoking among Iranian university students.
Int J Psychiatry Med. 2009; 39(2):189-98.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To find out the prevalence of cigarette smoking in a group of Iranian Muslim students and also to find out if there is a relationship between religious practices and cigarette smoking.

METHODS

In this cross-sectional study, 950 university students in Kerman, Iran were asked to fill out a self-administered questionnaire consisting of questions on demographic data, cigarette smoking, and religious practices. It was explained that the study was anonymous and voluntary, and confidentiality was assured.

RESULTS

All 833 subjects who participated in the study were Muslims, 54.1% of whom were female and 89.3% were single. Approximately 40% of male students and 5.8% of the female ones were smokers. Based on bivariate analysis, some differences were noted in the prevalence of smoking according to gender, marital status, income, average university scores, close friend's smoking, parental smoking, reading the Quran, saying prayers, mosque attendance, and fasting. Using multivariate analysis, male gender, higher income, lower average exam scores, and close friend's smoking being associated with the likelihood to smoke cigarettes. The odds ratio for cigarette smoking in the upper tertile compared with those in the lower tertile of religious activity was 0.53 (CI 95% 0.33-0.84).

CONCLUSION

Religious activities may have a protective role against cigarette smoking among Muslim college students in the country.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. nakhaeen@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19860077

Citation

Nakhaee, Nouzar, et al. "Religious Involvement and Cigarette Smoking Among Iranian University Students." International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, vol. 39, no. 2, 2009, pp. 189-98.
Nakhaee N, Divsalar K, Jadidi N. Religious involvement and cigarette smoking among Iranian university students. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2009;39(2):189-98.
Nakhaee, N., Divsalar, K., & Jadidi, N. (2009). Religious involvement and cigarette smoking among Iranian university students. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 39(2), 189-98.
Nakhaee N, Divsalar K, Jadidi N. Religious Involvement and Cigarette Smoking Among Iranian University Students. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2009;39(2):189-98. PubMed PMID: 19860077.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Religious involvement and cigarette smoking among Iranian university students. AU - Nakhaee,Nouzar, AU - Divsalar,Kouros, AU - Jadidi,Nadjme, PY - 2009/10/29/entrez PY - 2009/10/29/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 189 EP - 98 JF - International journal of psychiatry in medicine JO - Int J Psychiatry Med VL - 39 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To find out the prevalence of cigarette smoking in a group of Iranian Muslim students and also to find out if there is a relationship between religious practices and cigarette smoking. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 950 university students in Kerman, Iran were asked to fill out a self-administered questionnaire consisting of questions on demographic data, cigarette smoking, and religious practices. It was explained that the study was anonymous and voluntary, and confidentiality was assured. RESULTS: All 833 subjects who participated in the study were Muslims, 54.1% of whom were female and 89.3% were single. Approximately 40% of male students and 5.8% of the female ones were smokers. Based on bivariate analysis, some differences were noted in the prevalence of smoking according to gender, marital status, income, average university scores, close friend's smoking, parental smoking, reading the Quran, saying prayers, mosque attendance, and fasting. Using multivariate analysis, male gender, higher income, lower average exam scores, and close friend's smoking being associated with the likelihood to smoke cigarettes. The odds ratio for cigarette smoking in the upper tertile compared with those in the lower tertile of religious activity was 0.53 (CI 95% 0.33-0.84). CONCLUSION: Religious activities may have a protective role against cigarette smoking among Muslim college students in the country. SN - 0091-2174 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19860077/Religious_involvement_and_cigarette_smoking_among_Iranian_university_students_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.2190/PM.39.2.g?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -