Superior: a novel repetitive DNA element dispersed in the rye genome.Cytogenet Genome Res 2009; 125(4):306-20CG
A new class of rye-specific repetitive DNA elements designated Superior has been identified. The rye genome library was constructed by cleavage with EcoO109I, the recognition sites of which consisted of 5'-PuGGNCCPy-3' multi-sequences and were present with high frequency in the rye repetitive families. A novel 495-bp segment enriched in the rye genome was successfully identified. Southern blot hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization using the repetitive element showed a dispersed array through all 7 chromosomes of rye. The repetitive DNA element did not share identity with known class I or class II transposable elements or known repetitive elements. Only several DNA segments in BACs and ESTs of barley showed partial similarity to the repetitive DNA element in all DNA databases of living species. The new class of dispersed repetitive elements was designated Superior. The entire structure of Superior was determined by using a rye genomic library of lambda FIXII screened by the 495-bp probe. The Superior family consisted of 1,292-bp, 1,324-bp, and 1,432-bp elements in which the 5' regions had been destroyed, indicating the presence of considerable structural diversity. Superior might be a useful tool for studying genomic organization and differentiation.