Is temperature an effect modifier of the association between green tea intake and gastric cancer risk?Eur J Cancer Prev. 2010 Jan; 19(1):18-22.EJ
We considered the relationship between green tea and gastric cancer risk in Harbin, Heilongjiang province, Northeast China, an area with high baseline risk of stomach cancer. We used data from a case-control study conducted from 1987 to 1989 among 266 incident cases of stomach cancer and 533 controls admitted to the same hospitals as cases, with non-neoplastic and non-gastric diseases. No association emerged when tea consumption alone was considered: the odds ratio (OR) for green tea consumption was 0.87 (95% CI: 0.60-1.25) for green tea intake > or = 750 g/year versus no intake and 0.99 (95% CI: 0.97-1.02) for an increment of 500 g of tea per year. When tea consumption was classified according to the temperature, however, the OR was 0.19 (95% CI: 0.07-0.49) for lukewarm tea intake > or = 750 g/year and 1.27 (95% CI: 0.85-1.90) for hot tea intake (P value for interaction <0.001) as compared with non-drinkers. The corresponding ORs for an increment of 500 g of tea per year were 0.61 (95% CI: 0.45-0.82) and 1.03 (95% CI: 0.99-1.07) for lukewarm and hot tea, respectively (P value for interaction <0.001). We found an inverse relationship between green tea drinking and gastric cancer risk limited to the intake of lukewarm tea.