Factitious hypoglycemia. Diagnosis by measurement of serum C-peptide immunoreactivity and insulin-binding antibodies.N Engl J Med. 1977 Nov 10; 297(19):1029-32.NEJM
In seven patients with factitious hypoglycemia due to the surreptitious injection of insulin, we made the diagnosis by measurements of plasma insulin and C-peptide immunoreactivity (in seven patients), facilitated by the finding of circulating insulin-binding antibodies (in two patients). The simultaneous demonstration of low plasma glucose, high immunoreactive insulin and suppressed C-peptide immunoreactivity represents a triad of results pathognomonic of exogenous insulin administration. Determination of plasma free C-peptide and free insulin permitted patients with high titers of insulin antibodies, including those with a history of insulin-treated diabetes, to be studied and diagnosed in a way similar to that in subjects who had no circulating insulin antibodies.