Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with helical tomotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer: a preliminary result.Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010 Jul 01; 77(3):715-21.IJ
To review the experience with and evaluate the treatment plan for helical tomotherapy for the treatment of oropharyngeal cancer.
METHODS AND MATERIALS
Between November 1, 2006 and January 31, 2009, 10 histologically confirmed oropharyngeal cancer patients were enrolled. All patients received definitive concurrent chemoradiation with helical tomotherapy. The prescription dose to the gross tumor planning target volume, the high-risk subclinical area, and the low-risk subclinical area was 70 Gy, 63 Gy, and 56 Gy, respectively. During radiotherapy, all patients were treated with cisplatin, 30 mg/m(2), plus 5-fluorouracil (425 mg/m(2))/leucovorin (30 mg/m(2)) intravenously weekly. Toxicity of treatment was scored according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0. Several parameters, including maximal or median dose to critical organs, uniformity index, and conformal index, were evaluated from dose-volume histograms.
The mean survival was 18 months (range, 7-22 months). The actuarial overall survival, disease-free survival, locoregional control, and distant metastasis-free rates at 18 months were 67%, 70%, 80%, and 100%, respectively. The average for uniformity index and conformal index was 1.05 and 1.26, respectively. The mean of median dose for right side and left side parotid glands was 23.5 and 23.9 Gy, respectively. No Grade 3 toxicity for dermatitis and body weight loss and only one instance of Grade 3 mucositis were noted.
Helical tomotherapy achieved encouraging clinical outcomes in patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma. Treatment toxicity was acceptable, even in the setting of concurrent chemotherapy. Long-term follow-up is needed to confirm these preliminary findings.