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Outbreak of tinea gladiatorum in wrestlers in Tehran (Iran).
Indian J Dermatol. 2008; 53(3):132-6.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In recent years, skin diseases in wrestling have finally received the attention they deserve. Outbreaks of tinea corporis are often associated with sports involving extensive bodily contact; such sports include wrestling. Tinea corporis gladiatorum is primarily caused by Trichophyton tonsurans, infecting wrestlers at alarming rates. The management of skin infections in wrestlers and other athletes in sports involving skin-to-skin contact entails numerous challenges, from making an accurate diagnosis to determining eligibility for playing the sports. To control outbreaks, we conducted an epidemiologic investigation. The purpose of this article is to determine the prevalence of tinea corporis gladiatorum in wrestlers in Tehran, Iran.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A study of dermatophytosis was carried out during the period of March 2004 to December 2005 on 612 mycological proven cases of dermatophytosis found in male wrestlers in Tehran. Mycological examination consisted of culturing of pathologic material followed by direct microscopic observation. Diagnosis was based on macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the colonies.

RESULTS

T. tonsurans was the predominant dermatophyte, accounting for >90% of all tinea corporis gladiatorum isolates during the 2 year analysis. Tinea corporis gladiatorum was found to be more frequent in individuals between the ages of 10 and 20 years of age (72.7%). Wrestlers with tinea corporis gladiatorum were predominantly from wrestling clubs in southern and southeastern Tehran. Transmission of tinea corporis is primarily through skin-to-skin contact.

CONCLUSION

Rapid identification and treatment of tinea corporis gladiatorum is required to minimize the disruption of team practices and competitions. Infection with dermatophytes can disqualify a wrestler from competing in matches, and thus, vigilant surveillance and rapid initiation of treatment is important to prevent the suspension of team practices and competitions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medical Mycology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. basiri@pasteur.ac.irNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19882012

Citation

Bassiri-Jahromi, Shahindokht, and Ali Asghar Khaksar. "Outbreak of Tinea Gladiatorum in Wrestlers in Tehran (Iran)." Indian Journal of Dermatology, vol. 53, no. 3, 2008, pp. 132-6.
Bassiri-Jahromi S, Khaksar AA. Outbreak of tinea gladiatorum in wrestlers in Tehran (Iran). Indian J Dermatol. 2008;53(3):132-6.
Bassiri-Jahromi, S., & Khaksar, A. A. (2008). Outbreak of tinea gladiatorum in wrestlers in Tehran (Iran). Indian Journal of Dermatology, 53(3), 132-6. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5154.43219
Bassiri-Jahromi S, Khaksar AA. Outbreak of Tinea Gladiatorum in Wrestlers in Tehran (Iran). Indian J Dermatol. 2008;53(3):132-6. PubMed PMID: 19882012.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Outbreak of tinea gladiatorum in wrestlers in Tehran (Iran). AU - Bassiri-Jahromi,Shahindokht, AU - Khaksar,Ali Asghar, PY - 2009/11/3/entrez PY - 2008/1/1/pubmed PY - 2008/1/1/medline KW - Dermatophytosis KW - Iran KW - infection control KW - tinea corporis KW - tinea gladiatorum KW - trichophyton tonsurans KW - wrestling SP - 132 EP - 6 JF - Indian journal of dermatology JO - Indian J Dermatol VL - 53 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: In recent years, skin diseases in wrestling have finally received the attention they deserve. Outbreaks of tinea corporis are often associated with sports involving extensive bodily contact; such sports include wrestling. Tinea corporis gladiatorum is primarily caused by Trichophyton tonsurans, infecting wrestlers at alarming rates. The management of skin infections in wrestlers and other athletes in sports involving skin-to-skin contact entails numerous challenges, from making an accurate diagnosis to determining eligibility for playing the sports. To control outbreaks, we conducted an epidemiologic investigation. The purpose of this article is to determine the prevalence of tinea corporis gladiatorum in wrestlers in Tehran, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study of dermatophytosis was carried out during the period of March 2004 to December 2005 on 612 mycological proven cases of dermatophytosis found in male wrestlers in Tehran. Mycological examination consisted of culturing of pathologic material followed by direct microscopic observation. Diagnosis was based on macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the colonies. RESULTS: T. tonsurans was the predominant dermatophyte, accounting for >90% of all tinea corporis gladiatorum isolates during the 2 year analysis. Tinea corporis gladiatorum was found to be more frequent in individuals between the ages of 10 and 20 years of age (72.7%). Wrestlers with tinea corporis gladiatorum were predominantly from wrestling clubs in southern and southeastern Tehran. Transmission of tinea corporis is primarily through skin-to-skin contact. CONCLUSION: Rapid identification and treatment of tinea corporis gladiatorum is required to minimize the disruption of team practices and competitions. Infection with dermatophytes can disqualify a wrestler from competing in matches, and thus, vigilant surveillance and rapid initiation of treatment is important to prevent the suspension of team practices and competitions. SN - 1998-3611 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19882012/Outbreak_of_tinea_gladiatorum_in_wrestlers_in_Tehran__Iran__ L2 - http://www.e-ijd.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5154;year=2008;volume=53;issue=3;spage=132;epage=136;aulast=Bassiri-Jahromi DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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