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Cigarette smoking associated with advanced periodontal destruction in a Greek sample population of patients with periodontal disease.
J Int Acad Periodontol. 2009 Oct; 11(4):250-7.JI

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The objective of this study was to evaluate the possible risk factor related to the severity of periodontal destruction in an adult Greek population and to determine possible risk factors of chronic periodontal disease.

METHODS

The 115 participants (mean age 47.5, range 28-74 years) were referred for periodontal treatment in two high-standard therapeutic centers. All individuals were clinically examined and answered a detailed questionnaire. The sociodemographic characteristics and periodontal findings were recorded and statistically analyzed.

RESULTS

The prevalence of periodontal destruction was significantly high, as 91.3% of the participants had at least one tooth with attachment loss > or = 7 mm and 73% presented with mean loss of attachment > 4 mm. In this subject cohort, 31.3% had never smoked, 15.7% had quit smoking, and 53% were currently smokers (heavy, moderate, or occasional). Heavy smokers exhibited worse periodontal tissue breakdown and less bleeding tendency compared to moderate, infrequent, or never smokers. Among the other investigated parameters, age and customary oral hygiene practices were correlated with periodontal pocket formation and clinical attachment loss.

CONCLUSIONS

The results of this study suggest that smoking appears to be a major environmental factor associated with accelerated periodontal destruction in an adult urban Greek population with regular oral hygiene habits.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Periodontology and Implant Biology, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece. jvou@med.auth.grNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19886400

Citation

Vouros, Ioannis D., et al. "Cigarette Smoking Associated With Advanced Periodontal Destruction in a Greek Sample Population of Patients With Periodontal Disease." Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology, vol. 11, no. 4, 2009, pp. 250-7.
Vouros ID, Kalpidis CD, Chadjipantelis T, et al. Cigarette smoking associated with advanced periodontal destruction in a Greek sample population of patients with periodontal disease. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2009;11(4):250-7.
Vouros, I. D., Kalpidis, C. D., Chadjipantelis, T., & Konstantinidis, A. B. (2009). Cigarette smoking associated with advanced periodontal destruction in a Greek sample population of patients with periodontal disease. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology, 11(4), 250-7.
Vouros ID, et al. Cigarette Smoking Associated With Advanced Periodontal Destruction in a Greek Sample Population of Patients With Periodontal Disease. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2009;11(4):250-7. PubMed PMID: 19886400.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette smoking associated with advanced periodontal destruction in a Greek sample population of patients with periodontal disease. AU - Vouros,Ioannis D, AU - Kalpidis,Christos D R, AU - Chadjipantelis,Theodore, AU - Konstantinidis,Antonis B, PY - 2009/11/6/entrez PY - 2009/11/6/pubmed PY - 2010/1/27/medline SP - 250 EP - 7 JF - Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology JO - J Int Acad Periodontol VL - 11 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the possible risk factor related to the severity of periodontal destruction in an adult Greek population and to determine possible risk factors of chronic periodontal disease. METHODS: The 115 participants (mean age 47.5, range 28-74 years) were referred for periodontal treatment in two high-standard therapeutic centers. All individuals were clinically examined and answered a detailed questionnaire. The sociodemographic characteristics and periodontal findings were recorded and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of periodontal destruction was significantly high, as 91.3% of the participants had at least one tooth with attachment loss > or = 7 mm and 73% presented with mean loss of attachment > 4 mm. In this subject cohort, 31.3% had never smoked, 15.7% had quit smoking, and 53% were currently smokers (heavy, moderate, or occasional). Heavy smokers exhibited worse periodontal tissue breakdown and less bleeding tendency compared to moderate, infrequent, or never smokers. Among the other investigated parameters, age and customary oral hygiene practices were correlated with periodontal pocket formation and clinical attachment loss. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that smoking appears to be a major environmental factor associated with accelerated periodontal destruction in an adult urban Greek population with regular oral hygiene habits. SN - 1466-2094 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19886400/Cigarette_smoking_associated_with_advanced_periodontal_destruction_in_a_Greek_sample_population_of_patients_with_periodontal_disease_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -