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The effects of religiosity, spirituality, and social support on quality of life: a comparison between Korean American and Korean breast and gynecologic cancer survivors.
Oncol Nurs Forum 2009; 36(6):699-708ON

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES

To examine the differences in religiosity, spirituality, and quality of life (QOL) between Korean American and Korean breast and gynecologic cancer survivors and investigate the effect of religiosity, spirituality, and social support on QOL.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional design.

SETTING

Participants were recruited from hospitals and community-based support groups in the areas of Southern California and Seoul, Korea.

SAMPLE

161 women diagnosed with breast and gynecologic cancer (110 Koreans and 51 Korean Americans).

METHODS

Participants completed a mailed questionnaire. To identify the QOL outcomes, religiosity, spirituality, and social support, four standardized measures were used.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES

QOL outcomes, religiosity, spirituality, religious involvement, and social support.

FINDINGS

Religiosity and spirituality were related to some QOL outcomes in different patterns in Korean American and Korean breast and gynecologic cancer survivors. The effect on QOL, however, was not strong after controlling for covariates. Social support partially mediated the effect of spirituality on QOL but only among the Korean American cancer survivors.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings provide evidence that the effect of religiosity and spirituality on QOL varied between Korean American and Korean survivors. The mediating effect of social support between spirituality and QOL for Korean Americans also was demonstrated.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING

The results present nursing practice and research implications that religiosity, spirituality, and social support need to be considered in developing services for enhancing QOL of immigrant cancer survivors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center of Community Alliance for Research and Education and Population Sciences, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA, USA. jlim@coh.orgNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19887358

Citation

Lim, Jung-won, and Jaehee Yi. "The Effects of Religiosity, Spirituality, and Social Support On Quality of Life: a Comparison Between Korean American and Korean Breast and Gynecologic Cancer Survivors." Oncology Nursing Forum, vol. 36, no. 6, 2009, pp. 699-708.
Lim JW, Yi J. The effects of religiosity, spirituality, and social support on quality of life: a comparison between Korean American and Korean breast and gynecologic cancer survivors. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2009;36(6):699-708.
Lim, J. W., & Yi, J. (2009). The effects of religiosity, spirituality, and social support on quality of life: a comparison between Korean American and Korean breast and gynecologic cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Forum, 36(6), pp. 699-708. doi:10.1188/09.ONF.699-708.
Lim JW, Yi J. The Effects of Religiosity, Spirituality, and Social Support On Quality of Life: a Comparison Between Korean American and Korean Breast and Gynecologic Cancer Survivors. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2009;36(6):699-708. PubMed PMID: 19887358.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of religiosity, spirituality, and social support on quality of life: a comparison between Korean American and Korean breast and gynecologic cancer survivors. AU - Lim,Jung-won, AU - Yi,Jaehee, PY - 2009/11/6/entrez PY - 2009/11/6/pubmed PY - 2010/1/26/medline SP - 699 EP - 708 JF - Oncology nursing forum JO - Oncol Nurs Forum VL - 36 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the differences in religiosity, spirituality, and quality of life (QOL) between Korean American and Korean breast and gynecologic cancer survivors and investigate the effect of religiosity, spirituality, and social support on QOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Participants were recruited from hospitals and community-based support groups in the areas of Southern California and Seoul, Korea. SAMPLE: 161 women diagnosed with breast and gynecologic cancer (110 Koreans and 51 Korean Americans). METHODS: Participants completed a mailed questionnaire. To identify the QOL outcomes, religiosity, spirituality, and social support, four standardized measures were used. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: QOL outcomes, religiosity, spirituality, religious involvement, and social support. FINDINGS: Religiosity and spirituality were related to some QOL outcomes in different patterns in Korean American and Korean breast and gynecologic cancer survivors. The effect on QOL, however, was not strong after controlling for covariates. Social support partially mediated the effect of spirituality on QOL but only among the Korean American cancer survivors. CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide evidence that the effect of religiosity and spirituality on QOL varied between Korean American and Korean survivors. The mediating effect of social support between spirituality and QOL for Korean Americans also was demonstrated. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: The results present nursing practice and research implications that religiosity, spirituality, and social support need to be considered in developing services for enhancing QOL of immigrant cancer survivors. SN - 1538-0688 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19887358/The_effects_of_religiosity_spirituality_and_social_support_on_quality_of_life:_a_comparison_between_Korean_American_and_Korean_breast_and_gynecologic_cancer_survivors_ L2 - http://store.ons.org/article/find?doi=10.1188/09.ONF.699-708 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -