Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Modulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase by curcumin in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells.
Helicobacter 2009; 14(6):588-95H

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Anomalous expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells has been postulated as one of the key mechanisms in the development of gastric cancer. AID is overexpressed in the cells through nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation by H. pylori and hence, inhibition of NF-kappaB pathway can downregulate the expression of AID. Curcumin, a spice-derived polyphenol, is known for its anti-inflammatory activity via NF-kappaB inhibition. Therefore, it was hypothesized that curcumin might suppress AID overexpression via NF-kappaB inhibitory activity in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

MKN-28 or MKN-45 cells and H. pylori strain 193C isolated from gastric cancer patient were used for co-culture experiments. Cells were pretreated with or without nonbactericidal concentrations of curcumin. Apoptosis was determined by DNA fragmentation assay. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to evaluate the anti-adhesion activity of curcumin. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was employed to evaluate the expression of AID mRNA. Immunoblot assay was performed for the analysis of AID, NF-kappaB, inhibitors of NF-kappaB (IkappaB), and IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex regulation with or without curcumin.

RESULTS

The adhesion of H. pylori to gastric epithelial cells was not inhibited by curcumin pretreatment at nonbactericidal concentrations (< or =10 micromol/L). Pretreatment with nonbactericidal concentration of curcumin downregulated the expression of AID induced by H. pylori. Similarly, NF-kappaB activation inhibitor (SN-50) and proteasome inhibitor (MG-132) also downregulated the mRNA expression of AID. Moreover, curcumin (< or =10 micromol/L) has suppressed H. pylori-induced NF-kappaB activation via inhibition of IKK activation and IkappaB degradation.

CONCLUSION

Nonbactericidal concentrations of curcumin downregulated H. pylori-induced AID expression in gastric epithelial cells, probably via the inhibition of NF-kappaB pathway. Hence, curcumin can be considered as a potential chemopreventive candidate against H. pylori-related gastric carcinogenesis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Gastroenterology and Hematology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19889077

Citation

Zaidi, Syed Faisal Haider, et al. "Modulation of Activation-induced Cytidine Deaminase By Curcumin in Helicobacter Pylori-infected Gastric Epithelial Cells." Helicobacter, vol. 14, no. 6, 2009, pp. 588-95.
Zaidi SF, Yamamoto T, Refaat A, et al. Modulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase by curcumin in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. Helicobacter. 2009;14(6):588-95.
Zaidi, S. F., Yamamoto, T., Refaat, A., Ahmed, K., Sakurai, H., Saiki, I., ... Sugiyama, T. (2009). Modulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase by curcumin in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. Helicobacter, 14(6), pp. 588-95. doi:10.1111/j.1523-5378.2009.00724.x.
Zaidi SF, et al. Modulation of Activation-induced Cytidine Deaminase By Curcumin in Helicobacter Pylori-infected Gastric Epithelial Cells. Helicobacter. 2009;14(6):588-95. PubMed PMID: 19889077.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Modulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase by curcumin in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. AU - Zaidi,Syed Faisal Haider, AU - Yamamoto,Takeshi, AU - Refaat,Alaa, AU - Ahmed,Kanwal, AU - Sakurai,Hiroaki, AU - Saiki,Ikuo, AU - Kondo,Takashi, AU - Usmanghani,Khan, AU - Kadowaki,Makoto, AU - Sugiyama,Toshiro, PY - 2009/11/6/entrez PY - 2009/11/6/pubmed PY - 2010/1/12/medline SP - 588 EP - 95 JF - Helicobacter JO - Helicobacter VL - 14 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Anomalous expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells has been postulated as one of the key mechanisms in the development of gastric cancer. AID is overexpressed in the cells through nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation by H. pylori and hence, inhibition of NF-kappaB pathway can downregulate the expression of AID. Curcumin, a spice-derived polyphenol, is known for its anti-inflammatory activity via NF-kappaB inhibition. Therefore, it was hypothesized that curcumin might suppress AID overexpression via NF-kappaB inhibitory activity in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MKN-28 or MKN-45 cells and H. pylori strain 193C isolated from gastric cancer patient were used for co-culture experiments. Cells were pretreated with or without nonbactericidal concentrations of curcumin. Apoptosis was determined by DNA fragmentation assay. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to evaluate the anti-adhesion activity of curcumin. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was employed to evaluate the expression of AID mRNA. Immunoblot assay was performed for the analysis of AID, NF-kappaB, inhibitors of NF-kappaB (IkappaB), and IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex regulation with or without curcumin. RESULTS: The adhesion of H. pylori to gastric epithelial cells was not inhibited by curcumin pretreatment at nonbactericidal concentrations (< or =10 micromol/L). Pretreatment with nonbactericidal concentration of curcumin downregulated the expression of AID induced by H. pylori. Similarly, NF-kappaB activation inhibitor (SN-50) and proteasome inhibitor (MG-132) also downregulated the mRNA expression of AID. Moreover, curcumin (< or =10 micromol/L) has suppressed H. pylori-induced NF-kappaB activation via inhibition of IKK activation and IkappaB degradation. CONCLUSION: Nonbactericidal concentrations of curcumin downregulated H. pylori-induced AID expression in gastric epithelial cells, probably via the inhibition of NF-kappaB pathway. Hence, curcumin can be considered as a potential chemopreventive candidate against H. pylori-related gastric carcinogenesis. SN - 1523-5378 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19889077/Modulation_of_activation_induced_cytidine_deaminase_by_curcumin_in_Helicobacter_pylori_infected_gastric_epithelial_cells_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-5378.2009.00724.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -