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Chapter 12: the anatomical foundations of clinical neurology.
Handb Clin Neurol. 2010; 95:149-68.HC

Abstract

The chapter provides an itinerary of knowledge on nervous system anatomy as one of the pillars of clinical neurology. The journey starts from the Renaissance explosion on the approach to the human body, its functions and its diseases, dealing with the seminal contributions of Leonardo da Vinci and Vesalius. The itinerary proceeds through the contributions of the 17th century, especially by Thomas Willis and the pioneering investigations of Marcello Malpighi and Antony van Leeuwenhoek, and onto the 18th century. The itinerary thus leads to the progress from gross anatomy to the microscopic investigation of the nervous system in the 19th century: the reticular theories, the revolution of the neural doctrine and their protagonists (Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal), which initiated the modern era of the neurosciences. The chapter also includes sections on the contributions of developmental neuroanatomy to neurology, on the history of tract tracing, and on the cytoarchitecture of the cerebral cortex. The never-ending story of the anatomical foundations of clinical neurology continues to evolve at the dawn of the 21st century, including knowledge that guides deep brain stimulation, and novel approaches to the anatomy of the living brain based on rapidly developing neuroimaging technology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Morphological and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. marina.bentivoglio@univr.itNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19892115

Citation

Bentivoglio, Marina, and Paolo Mazzarello. "Chapter 12: the Anatomical Foundations of Clinical Neurology." Handbook of Clinical Neurology, vol. 95, 2010, pp. 149-68.
Bentivoglio M, Mazzarello P. Chapter 12: the anatomical foundations of clinical neurology. Handb Clin Neurol. 2010;95:149-68.
Bentivoglio, M., & Mazzarello, P. (2010). Chapter 12: the anatomical foundations of clinical neurology. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 95, 149-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0072-9752(08)02112-X
Bentivoglio M, Mazzarello P. Chapter 12: the Anatomical Foundations of Clinical Neurology. Handb Clin Neurol. 2010;95:149-68. PubMed PMID: 19892115.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chapter 12: the anatomical foundations of clinical neurology. AU - Bentivoglio,Marina, AU - Mazzarello,Paolo, PY - 2009/11/7/entrez PY - 2009/11/7/pubmed PY - 2010/12/17/medline SP - 149 EP - 68 JF - Handbook of clinical neurology JO - Handb Clin Neurol VL - 95 N2 - The chapter provides an itinerary of knowledge on nervous system anatomy as one of the pillars of clinical neurology. The journey starts from the Renaissance explosion on the approach to the human body, its functions and its diseases, dealing with the seminal contributions of Leonardo da Vinci and Vesalius. The itinerary proceeds through the contributions of the 17th century, especially by Thomas Willis and the pioneering investigations of Marcello Malpighi and Antony van Leeuwenhoek, and onto the 18th century. The itinerary thus leads to the progress from gross anatomy to the microscopic investigation of the nervous system in the 19th century: the reticular theories, the revolution of the neural doctrine and their protagonists (Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal), which initiated the modern era of the neurosciences. The chapter also includes sections on the contributions of developmental neuroanatomy to neurology, on the history of tract tracing, and on the cytoarchitecture of the cerebral cortex. The never-ending story of the anatomical foundations of clinical neurology continues to evolve at the dawn of the 21st century, including knowledge that guides deep brain stimulation, and novel approaches to the anatomy of the living brain based on rapidly developing neuroimaging technology. SN - 0072-9752 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19892115/Chapter_12:_the_anatomical_foundations_of_clinical_neurology_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0072-9752(08)02112-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -