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Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Mentha (longifolia L. and viridis) essential oils.
J Food Sci. 2009 Sep; 74(7):M358-63.JF

Abstract

The study was aimed to investigate essential oil chemical composition (gas chromatography/flame ionization detection [GC-FID] and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry [GC-MS]) and antioxidant (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH) and 2,2'-azinobis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonate [ABTS] assays) and antimicrobial (Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, fungi, and yeast) activities of essential oils extracted from leaves of Mentha longifolia L. and Mentha viridis. GC-MS analysis revealed that M. longifolia was constituted by pulegone (54.41%) as a major component followed by isomenthone (12.02%), 1,8-cineole (7.41%), borneol (6.85%), and piperitenone oxide (3.19%). M. viridis was rich in carvone (50.47%), 1,8-cineole (9.14%), and limonene (4.87%). The antioxidant activity by ABTS assay showed IC(50) values of 476.3 +/- 11.7 and 195.1 +/- 4.2 mg/L for M. longifolia and M. viridis, respectively, the DPPH assays have resulted in a moderate IC(50) (>8000 mg/L and 3476.3 +/- 133 mg/L for M. longifolia and M. viridis, respectively). Antimicrobial activity showed that Listeria monocytogenes and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria were more inhibited by the 2 essential oils tested. Escherichia coli was least susceptible. A strong activity was also observed on fungi and yeasts. Carvone, thymol, and piperitone oxide have not been detected in Tunisian M. longifolia. Camphor is reported for the 1st time for M. viridis. Antioxidant and antibacterial activities were correlated to chemical composition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratoire de Modélisation Analyse et Commande des Systèmes, Ecole Natl d'Ingénieurs de Gabès, Rue Omar elkhattab-ZRIG-6029 Gabès, Tunisie.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19895481

Citation

Mkaddem, Mounira, et al. "Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Mentha (longifolia L. and Viridis) Essential Oils." Journal of Food Science, vol. 74, no. 7, 2009, pp. M358-63.
Mkaddem M, Bouajila J, Ennajar M, et al. Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Mentha (longifolia L. and viridis) essential oils. J Food Sci. 2009;74(7):M358-63.
Mkaddem, M., Bouajila, J., Ennajar, M., Lebrihi, A., Mathieu, F., & Romdhane, M. (2009). Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Mentha (longifolia L. and viridis) essential oils. Journal of Food Science, 74(7), M358-63. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2009.01272.x
Mkaddem M, et al. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Mentha (longifolia L. and Viridis) Essential Oils. J Food Sci. 2009;74(7):M358-63. PubMed PMID: 19895481.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Mentha (longifolia L. and viridis) essential oils. AU - Mkaddem,Mounira, AU - Bouajila,Jalloul, AU - Ennajar,Monia, AU - Lebrihi,Ahmed, AU - Mathieu,Florence, AU - Romdhane,Mehrez, PY - 2009/11/10/entrez PY - 2009/11/10/pubmed PY - 2010/1/29/medline SP - M358 EP - 63 JF - Journal of food science JO - J Food Sci VL - 74 IS - 7 N2 - The study was aimed to investigate essential oil chemical composition (gas chromatography/flame ionization detection [GC-FID] and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry [GC-MS]) and antioxidant (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH) and 2,2'-azinobis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonate [ABTS] assays) and antimicrobial (Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, fungi, and yeast) activities of essential oils extracted from leaves of Mentha longifolia L. and Mentha viridis. GC-MS analysis revealed that M. longifolia was constituted by pulegone (54.41%) as a major component followed by isomenthone (12.02%), 1,8-cineole (7.41%), borneol (6.85%), and piperitenone oxide (3.19%). M. viridis was rich in carvone (50.47%), 1,8-cineole (9.14%), and limonene (4.87%). The antioxidant activity by ABTS assay showed IC(50) values of 476.3 +/- 11.7 and 195.1 +/- 4.2 mg/L for M. longifolia and M. viridis, respectively, the DPPH assays have resulted in a moderate IC(50) (>8000 mg/L and 3476.3 +/- 133 mg/L for M. longifolia and M. viridis, respectively). Antimicrobial activity showed that Listeria monocytogenes and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria were more inhibited by the 2 essential oils tested. Escherichia coli was least susceptible. A strong activity was also observed on fungi and yeasts. Carvone, thymol, and piperitone oxide have not been detected in Tunisian M. longifolia. Camphor is reported for the 1st time for M. viridis. Antioxidant and antibacterial activities were correlated to chemical composition. SN - 1750-3841 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19895481/Chemical_composition_and_antimicrobial_and_antioxidant_activities_of_Mentha__longifolia_L__and_viridis__essential_oils_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2009.01272.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -